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what is cannabidiol made from

While the terms “CBD tincture” and “CBD oil” are often used interchangeably, the two are actually different. Tinctures are made by soaking cannabis in alcohol, while oils are made by suspending CBD in a carrier oil, like olive or coconut oil.

Hemp, marijuana and CBD are all related, but they differ in significant ways. Here’s what you need to know about their legality, effects and potential health benefits.

Though 15 states have now legalized recreational marijuana, it remains illegal federally in the United States. Technically, those in possession of marijuana in a legal weed state can still be punished under federal law, and traveling across state borders with cannabis is prohibited.

Hemp, marijuana and cannabanoidals

Full spectrum CBD products for sale, including tinctures, topical creams, edible gummies and pet products. Smith Collection/Gado/Getty Images

In states where recreational marijuana is legal, the list of cannabis-derived products greatly expands to include CBD with much higher THC content than 0.3%.

However, medical research on marijuana is severely restricted by federal law.

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One critical point of difference between hemp-derived CBD and marijuana-derived CBD is the resin content of each plant. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps

Research indicates that full-spectrum CBD, whether extracted from hemp or marijuana, may offer enhanced therapeutic benefits.

Cannabis taxonomy

The terminology used to describe different products is the source of a lot of the potential confusion in the world of CBD oil. For example, while you might see labels that use the word hemp to indicate that the CBD came from a legal hemp plant rather than a marijuana plant, there is also a totally separate product called hemp seed oil.

Hemp-derived oil and CBD products are sourced from industrial hemp plants, which are grown primarily for their fiber andseeds. These plants tend to differ from marijuana plants in appearance; they are often skinny and have sparse foliage. Hemp is also differentiated from marijuana by its levels of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the cannabinoid that causes consumers to feel “high.”. As outlined in the 2018 Farm Bill, a hemp plant must contain no more than 0.3% THC.

CBD isolate products are those which contain only the CBD molecule, with no accompanying terpenes, THC, or other cannabinoids. For patients with certain medical conditions, or those wishing to avoid THC, CBD isolate may be preferred. The alternatives to CBD isolate would be whole-plant CBD oil, full-spectrum CBD oil, or broad-spectrum CBD oil.