However, the Agriculture Improvement Act of 2018 made some cannabis no longer subject to the Controlled Substances Act by defining hemp as “Cannabis . . . with a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol [THC] concentration of not more than 0.3 percent.” 13 This means hemp can be grown in states whose laws allow the industrial production and sale of hemp. This is contributing to the purported presence of CBD in various products, including alleged CBD oil. Any plant containing an excess of 0.3 percent THC is considered marijuana and is therefore a Schedule I controlled substance under the CSA and thus subject to the DEA. Even if something is considered hemp (according to the 2018 Act) by containing less than 0.3 percent THC, it is still subject to all other relevant federal laws. 14
Because doTERRA Copaiba essential oil has approximately 55 percent BCP content, the amount of oil needed to produce noticeable results is incredibly small—only a couple of drops. doTERRA Copaiba oil is actually a blend of oils that come from four species of the copaifera tree: Copaifera reticulata, Copaifera officinalis, Copaifera coriacea, and Copaifera langsdorffii. This blend of multiple copaifera species contributes to a more potent and effective version of the essential oil.
The FDA acknowledges, “[S]ome companies are marketing products containing cannabis and cannabis-derived compounds in ways that violate the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) and that may put the health and safety of consumers at risk.” 8
Why Isn’t doTERRA Producing a CBD Oil?
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is responsible for reviewing and approving applications to ensure that new drugs meet the standards of the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act).
Cannabidiol (CBD) is another compound found in cannabis. CBD does not have the same psychoactive properties as THC. CBD directly interacts with CB1 and CB2 receptors, but the interaction is so weak it is inconsequential 6 . CBD does still affect your endocannabinoid system, but it actually affects it indirectly and by a different mechanism than most cannabinoids.
CBD is all the rage these days. Everyone seems to be talking about it, but what is CBD and what does it do?
A cannabinoid is anything that triggers your endocannabinoid system (ECS). So what exactly is the endocannabinoid system? The ECS plays an important role in regulating many functions within your body, including the inflammatory system, immune function, sleep, appetite, digestion, pain receptors, hormones, reproductive function, and memory. Your body makes endocannabinoids as needed to help with this regulation. These endocannabinoids activate your cannabinoid receptors—cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1) and cannabinoid receptor 2 (CB2) 1 .
Answer: Cannabis, or Hemp, essential oil is steam distilled from the leaves and stalks of Cannabis sativa strains that are very low in THC http://tinyurl.com/cmtl3bl, and the essential oil typically contains none at all. In Canada, 0.001% of THC is permitted in cosmetics; in the USA, the limit is 0.3% for products made from industrial hemp (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1525505016305856). Cannabis essential oil is commercially produced in Canada, Swi tzerland and France; it has been on the market for at least 20 years.
Question (by Christy Kenley): Cannabis essential oil is fairly new, what can you tell us about it?
One reason that not many companies sell it is simply that there is little awareness that it exists. Another may be that it is not particularly unusual – it consists almost entirely of commonly-occuring monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, however this includes some 15% of beta-caryophyllene, which has anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties.
Beta-Caryophyllene is also anti-inflammatory. As such, the use of Beta-Caryophyllene shows a lot of promise. It is also present in Copaiba Balsam, Black Pepper, Melissa (Lemon Balm), Catnip, Cananga, Ylang Ylang and several other essential oils. Refer to page 520-521 of Essential Oil Safety for a comprehensive list of the essential oils that contain B-Caryophyllene and their typical percentages.
Cannabis Essential Oil primarily consists of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes.
Because I don’t mind the aroma of Cannabis Essential Oil, I am glad to be able to highlight a differing opinion: Elizabeth Ashley finds the aroma vile, and doesn’t see it serving as a single note in a blend. I do agree with her remarks that it is versatile and blends well with many other essential oils. This is certainly an essential oil that aromatically, some will love and some will loathe. I’m finding that it adds depth and character to blends and is beautifully complementing essential oils in all the aromatic oil families including citrus, wood, connifer, spice, floral and mint families.
Cannabis Essential Oil is also known as Hemp Essential Oil.
My understanding is that Cannabis Essential Oil does not contain the CBD or THC cannabinoids present in the plant. While technically the essential oil may contain extremely small quantities of THC or CBD, the trace amounts possibly present in the steam distilled oil are negligible and offer no perceivable therapeutic benefit.
"The THC component is non-volatile, therefore does not come over in the distillation process into the essential oil." [V. Mediaville and J. Steinemann, Essential oil of Cannabis sativa L. Strains. (Journal of the International Hemp Association 4,2), 80-82. Source cited in Jennifer Peace Rhind, Essential Oils: A Handbook for Aromatherapy Practice (London and Philadelphia: Singing Dragon, 2012, 155.]
The 10-20% range of Beta-Caryophyllene present within the oil is gaining a lot of interest. Beta-Caryophyllene is a sesquiterpene. Beta-Caryophyllene can apparently interact with cannabinoid receptors, and therefore is classified as a cannabinoids according to 38 research papers that Robert Tisserand has reviewed on PubMed. Sources: [Robert Tisserand, Robert Tisserand Essential Training Facebook Post September 19, 2016. ] [ Dr. Robert Pappas, Essential Oil University Facebook Post September 18, 2017.] [Robert Tisserand Comment Within the Facebook Group Essential Oil Consumer Reports, September 25, 2017.]
This profile page pertains specifically to Cannabis Essential Oil, steam distilled from the leaves and flowering tops of Cannabis sativa. Hemp Seed Oil is a carrier oil (vegetable oil) that is obtained by cold pressing the seeds of Cannabis sativa. The steam distilled essential oil profiled on this page is not the same oil as the cold pressed seed oil. See AromaWeb’s Hemp Seed Oil carrier oil profile for more information. CBD Oil is produced using CO2 extraction techniques and is also not the same thing as the essential oil profiled here.