How to grow weed successfully? Choose the right seeds! Here's how to recognize bad marijuana seeds from the good ones! Let's explore the two options available to growers to test their seeds for quality. Learn how to tell if a weed seed is good. Are These Cannabis Seeds Good? Growing with bad marijuana seeds is particularly harsh on growers of all levels. This is mostly because it’s tough to pinpoint when the seed itself is the actual
How to Recognize Bad Marijuana Seeds
In achieving favorable growth and vigorous development of the marijuana plant, it is best to obtain and start to cultivate with a great marijuana seed. Although water, essential nutrients, and proper lighting are aspects to consider for sustainable growth of marijuana, the initial checking of marijuana seeds’ quality will assure every grower, to begin with, the best onset cultivation.
Also, it allows growers to fully ensure that the genetics and characteristics of your desired strain are achieved properly. Apart from the assurance that the terpenoids and cannabinoids are obtained perfectly, it also allows growers to prevent having dud or bad seeds.
To ensure that you are not purchasing some bad marijuana seeds, this article will help you identify between a good and bad marijuana seed. It is essential to start cultivating a good seed to assure that there are no unexpected cultivating problems that will soon arise when bad seeds are grown.
Characteristics of Bad Marijuana Seeds
There are certain characteristics that bad marijuana seeds possess, which can be separated from the good ones. Below are the basic characteristics of bad seeds, which will serve as your guide.
Seeds That Are Beat-up
This type of marijuana seeds is typically purchased from a friend or generally from somewhere unreliable without a name or reputation in selling marijuana seeds. Commonly, these seeds have a beat-up appearance, and when attempting to germinate, it does not undergo germination compared to seeds stored in excellent environmental conditions.
Seeds That Are Old
Similar to other seeds of plants, marijuana seeds do not last for too long. However, marijuana seeds can last for years; the quality will degrade over time. It will be harder for them to germinate and grow if they get older. Additionally, old seeds are much slower to grow compared to fresher seeds.
There are also other old seeds that are easily broken even when just gently squeezed. To prevent this from happening, marijuana seeds should be stored in a cool, dry, and dark place like refrigerators. Seeds stored properly will still germinate accordingly even after years of storage.
Seeds That Are Bag
This type of seed is a toss-up in genetics. The buds produced by your marijuana plant generate a bag seed that supposedly should not be there, given that you began the cultivation with a good marijuana seed. Therefore, the seeds produced by good marijuana seeds will not always give the assurance of their quality. The genetic makeup of seeds is a lottery process. This simply means that, despite breeding two renowned strains of seeds, you are less likely or more likely to produce the offspring that you expect.
The genetic makeup of seeds does not work smoothly as you intend them to do. That is why many breeders opt for several backcrossing to achieve the most stable genetic makeup of a marijuana strain that captures both its parents. Generally, bag seeds are seeds of random quality, despite coming from high-quality marijuana seeds.
Seeds That Are Immature
This type of seed is harvested at an early age. Typically it appears to have a combination of white and green colors, and usually, the size is small since it has not attained its full maturity stage. This type of seeds is bad because when they attempt to germinate, the seeds will have a hard time. They are not typically for cultivation.
Seeds That Are Hermaphrodite
Hermaphrodite seeds are simply seeds that are male. This type of seeds is considered bad because when grown, it does not produce buds; only female seeds can do it. Therefore, before purchasing seeds to grow, it is wise to identify the gender initially before they are even planted.
Characteristics of Good Marijuana Seeds
Marijuana seeds with quality background and good characteristics should be separated from the bad ones. Below are the following qualities that you should be looking for when purchasing or deciding whether it is a bad or good marijuana seed.
Seeds That Are Dark in Color
Good marijuana seeds typically have dark colors. It could be black, gray, or brown. The color is a sign that the seed has high quality. On the other hand light-colored seeds with green tints are more likely immature seeds.
However, it does not mean that the darker the color, the better seeds it would be. Too much darkness, which sometimes resembles a dark purple tone, may suggest that seeds underwent dying. When seeds are touched and have powdery dust, you can always be aware that these are powdery mildew.
Seeds That Are Waxy in Coating
To identify a good marijuana seed, it should have a visible coating like wax around the seeds. Due to this waxy coat, the seeds will seem to have a sheen appearance.
Seeds That Have Stripes
Apart from colors and sheen, good marijuana seeds have stripe marks around them. These could also be spots in black or brown color. Typically, seeds with stripes that resemble tiger stripes or lightning are reasonable indications of good marijuana seeds.
According to experts, the stripes of the marijuana seeds serve as coating protection. If the seeds appear to have a furry coating, this implies that it has molds that developed from acquiring a high level of moisture.
Seeds That Have Hard Shell
According to experts, you can determine the quality of the marijuana seeds when they are slightly squeezed and withstand it without crushing. It means that the seeds are of high quality and suitable for cultivation. While seeds that are easily crushed by the slight squeeze are more likely weak marijuana seeds or even dead, which have no potential in growing.
Seeds That Are Crackless
You can use a magnifying glass to see whether the seeds have no signs of cracks. Marijuana seeds with holes and cracks, even when appearance is minimal, should be thrown away immediately as it has a higher likelihood of not sprouting.
Tests to Determine the Quality of Marijuana Seeds
Those mentioned above are simply fundamental guidelines in determining a good seed from a bad one; however, there are also other ways to properly identify the seeds through the tests below.
This test can be done on any type of seeds, apart from marijuana seeds. To do this, fill in a cup with warm water, and pour in the marijuana seeds. Allow soaking the seeds for a few hours before trying to check it. Afterward, observe the seeds in the water. If the marijuana seeds float, these seeds are either dead and have no chance of growing or immature, which are likewise a waste to cultivate.
However, when the seeds sink, they are more likely excellent to cultivate due to the heaviness of the seeds. Typically, high-quality marijuana seeds are heavy. Always take note, ensure that your seeds are germination ready before using your seeds for the tests because it will be a waste if the germination is not yet happening.
This test involves holding the marijuana seeds between your fingers and trying to squeeze them slightly. Do not apply too much force that could crush the seeds completely. Rather put a minimal effort into squeezing. When doing this, the marijuana seeds should be free from cracks or holes. Also, it should not have a wrinkled appearance.
If the seeds fail to overcome the following, they are bad quality marijuana seeds and will definitely not survive when they undergo germination. However, if the seeds did not seem to have problems when doing the touch test, they are good for germination and cultivation processes.
This is the most accurate and apparent way to determine if your marijuana seeds are of good or bad quality; allow them to undergo germination regardless. If the seeds did not turn out great despite providing appropriate environmental conditions, therefore you can easily say that the marijuana seeds were lacking in quality.
When purchasing marijuana seeds, it will take a lot of your trust. It is less likely that you can identify the quality of seeds by just looking at them. The genetic makeup of the seeds will only be determined according to the information from the seller. This is why it is essential to purchase marijuana seeds from reputable dispensaries or seed banks.
In producing the best quality of marijuana seeds, it will take tremendous experience and skills to perfect the production of high-quality marijuana seeds. It will take a lot of time to produce favorable seeds. Purchasing marijuana seeds from widely known seed banks will definitely provide a huge amount of chances of getting the same quality you expect.
Meaning, the more reliable the store is, the better the marijuana seeds are in quality and characteristics. You are also secured and free from worries if the marijuana seeds you bought are of top quality when harvested.
How to Tell If a Weed Seed is Good
Cannabis seeds are where cannabis life begins. However, not all seeds are good, and so you have to sort through the good ones and the bad ones so that you can grow some good cannabis buds. But how do you tell when cannabis seeds are bad or good? Let’s explore these two different options.
Why Should You Start With Healthy Cannabis Seeds?
If you want to grow incredible cannabis plants, you should begin with the appropriate fundamentals. You have to sow the highest quality cannabis seeds to essentially encourage your seeds to grow vigorous and dynamic plants.
You have to know how to differentiate between the seeds that are of the lowest and highest quality. This will save you tons of time and money.
The benefits of starting with a high-quality cannabis seed include:
- Improved germination rates
- Higher-quality genetics
- Better yields
- Better aroma and flavor
- Better overall buds
For each small cannabis seed you plan to use, you have to consider the various aspects and features including its size, shape, sex, color, origin, strain, and gender. Here, we have provided you with some of the details that will help you distinguish the ultimate cannabis seeds from the ones that are useless.
How to Tell if a Weed Seed is Good
How do you figure out which seed is good? Well, at first glance, it has to look healthy. To detect good cannabis seeds, you have to also know what to expect in shape, color, and size, even though these features don’t always guarantee successful sprouting.
Due to the wide variety of strain genetics available, healthy cannabis seeds can vary in appearance.
Here are a few signs to look for when choosing high-quality cannabis seeds:
Healthy seeds will usually be grey, brown, or black with darker spots and lines that do not usually have an expected pattern. Good seeds can have any uniform color across their exterior or display tiger stripe or turtle shell patterns with varying dark hues.
The coat of the seed may also be waxy, reflecting light when it is exposed. Keep in mind, variations in color can depend on be strain genetics, growing environment, and storage practices. For instance, seeds can develop a darker shade when they have been stored or several months.
Large Size and Tear-Drop Shape
It can be hard to determine if a cannabis seed is good or bad depending on its size and shape alone. High quality cannabis seeds can be small or large. If you are small seed displays other features of a good seed, then it is a good candidate for germination.
Generally, healthy cannabis seeds will appear very large once developed. A large seed shape can be due to its unique genetics or high concentrations of magnesium and calcium. However, there is still no guarantee ofsprouting seeds, even if you have a large seed.
In terms of shape, good cannabis seeds tend to have a tear-drop shape with a round end on one side and a tapered end on the other. Generally, seeds that do not have this shape have a lower risk of viability.
Age is a helpful indicator of the quality of the seed. However, it can be hard to tell the age of a seed if you didn’t grow it yourself. Generally, seeds that are under a year old are the best for a successful harvest. Younger seeds have a faster germination rate and are less likely to go bad if stored for a short period of time.
Cannabis growers can store their seeds for several years in the refrigerator to extend their longevity. However, planting the seeds when they are relatively young will provide you with overall better results.
If you have no idea how old your seeds are, here’s a good way to estimate their age:
Gently squeeze the seed between your thumb and index finger. The younger and healthier the seed is, the firmer it will feel.
The Bad Cannabis Seed
How do you figure out which seed is bad? Here are a few ways you can tell if your cannabis seed has gone bad.
Are These Cannabis Seeds Good?
Growing with bad marijuana seeds is particularly harsh on growers of all levels.
This is mostly because it’s tough to pinpoint when the seed itself is the actual problem. Most growers will blame themselves for a problem that shows up in their grow long before they assume it’s the seeds.
The term ‘bad seeds’ usually refers to any type of seed that has a significantly higher likelihood of causing problems in a grow. I’ll cover the most common reasons for bad seeds in this tutorial!
These cannabis seeds were germinated between two wet pieces of paper towel!
These are pot seeds you might get from a friend, or maybe you have them stashed somewhere and forgot how you got them. In either case, if the shell of the seed looks beat-up, it may not germinate as well or quickly as seeds that were stored in good conditions.
Seeds are a little nugget of genetic material than can hopefully grow into a plant. And like all other genetic material, it doesn’t last forever! Although seeds can be viable for quite years and years after they’re first produced, the chances of them successfully germinating goes down over time (and old seeds also tend to take a lot longer to germinate than fresh ones). The resulting seedlings are also more likely to be slow growing. But sometimes they sprout like they were born yesterday!
Check out the picture below. We sprouted all the plants at the same time. The tub on the right has seeds that were planted within a week of receiving them in the mail. The tub on the left has a very popular strain with award-winning genetics… but the seeds were more than 6 years old from when we first bought them. Even though they were all put into the tank at the same time and the new seeds grew like crazy, the seeds on the left got outpaced by algae – only one sprouted and though its roots keep growing and growing the actual never got any bigger than two round leaves even after a month!
Pale or Flimsy Seeds
When I first started growing I was told that good cannabis seeds needed to be very hard with dark tiger striping. If you could crush it between your fingers, it was a bad seed, or so I was told. This has not been my experience at all!
Did you know that the “stripes” on cannabis seeds are actually part of a protective coating? The “pale” seeds in this photo are actually just regular seeds with the coating rubbed off!
Over the years, some of my very best plants came from flimsy, light brown seeds that very likely would have been easy to crush between my fingers.
So I’m a big believer in the fact that if you put the seed in the ground and a fast-growing healthy seedling comes out of it, it was a viable seed! Don’t toss a seed you are really interested in just because it’s a little pale; give it a chance (I’m talking more about tan seeds, it’s very unlikely a yellow seed will sprout)!
Note: Although the hardiness of the seed was likely important in the wild, cannabis growers have been breeding plants for generations to make good buds, not seeds! We growers strive to provide an ideal germination environment that lets almost any seed germinate successfully. As a result, we haven’t been breeding for seed hardness. Just like a teacup poodle hasn’t been bred to be strong, cannabis seeds haven’t been bred to be strong. They have other qualities we love
Bag seeds you randomly find in your buds aren’t supposed to be there, so that means that the genetics are a toss-up. Even if the seeds started with good parents, there’s no telling how high or low the quality will be. Unfortunately, the only way to find out is to grow it… Some growers win the genetic lottery, but many others lose out.
If you talk to breeders, you’ll learn that when you breed two “star” strains together you don’t always get what you’d expect. It seems like every one of the seedlings (or at least most of them) should be capture the best qualities of both their parents.
However, that’s not how genetics works most of the time. Without intensive breeding and backcrossing, when you mix two random plants you often end up with only a fraction of the seedlings capturing the best of both parents.
Bag seeds are a wildcard! You never know what you’ll end up with!
So depending on how the seed was originally made, bagseed often has a lot of variety. Even if the buds you got were an incredible quality, it doesn’t necessarily mean that the seeds will produce buds like that. If you’ve ever gotten involved with breeding or growing other types of specialized plants like roses, hops or even apples, you’ll know that seeds rarely breed “true” to the parents, and cannabis isn’t any different.
That being said, sometimes bagseed is all you have, and lots of growers get lucky!
Hermaphrodite or Male Plants
If a cannabis seed was produced with a male doing the pollinating, it means that about half of the resulting seeds will end up being male (which you don’t want, because only female flowers turn into bud). In that case, you want to determine the gender of your young plants as soon as you can so you can toss all the male ones before they start making pollen sacs.
If growing with seeds that were produced without a male plant around, the seeds sometimes end up being hermaphrodites, which means they grow both male pollen sacs and female flowers (again, something you don’t want).
One of the best ways to ensure all your plants end up being female is to start with feminized cannabis seeds from a trustworthy breeder.
Sometimes It’s Random!
Even if you’re starting with the best, most fresh seed stock, occasionally you’ll get an individual seed or plant that just doesn’t grow as well or quickly as the others, or maybe you’ll get a super awesome seedlings that just starts kicking butts and taking names from its first moment.
Natural variation is totally normal! It’s always a good idea to sprout at least a few more seeds than you need in case you happen to run into a runt, or some other expected problem! If all your plants are healthy and growing fast except one, you can blame the seed!