CBD Oil Wikipedia

CBD oil has skyrocketed in popularity thanks to its purported calming effects. Here are nine ways studies suggest CBD oil could benefit your health. More than 60 percent of CBD users were taking it for anxiety, according to a survey of 5,000 people. Does it help? CBD is one of the hundreds of cannabinoids that have been identified in the cannabis plant, and it accounts for up to 40% of the plant's extracts.

CBD Oil: 9 Science-Backed Benefits

Dr. Bindiya Gandhi is an integrative medicine physician with expertise in functional and holistic medicine based in Atlanta, Georgia.

Commissions we earn from partner links on this page do not affect our opinions or evaluations. Our editorial content is based on thorough research and guidance from the Forbes Health Advisory Board.

Cannabidiol, or CBD, is a chemical compound found in the cannabis sativa plant. When applied topically or consumed through smoke inhalation or edible consumption, CBD interacts with neuroreceptors in your endocannabinoid system, which sends signals between your cells to help regulate your movement, mood, homeostasis and immune system.

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CBD is often extracted from the cannabis sativa plant in oil form and mixed with an inert carrier oil like hemp seed oil for consumption. In fact, of the 60% of U.S. adults who report having used CBD before, 55% of them use CBD oils and tinctures specifically, according to a recent Forbes Health survey of 2,000 U.S. adults conducted by OnePoll.

CBD research is growing, too. Here are nine ways studies suggest CBD oil could benefit your health.

1. Offset Anxiety and Depression

CBD’s ability to calm is perhaps its most popular effect and the reason its use is so widespread. A 2017 study in the Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry tested the anxiety levels of 57 men in a simulated public speaking test. Some received a placebo while others received either 150 milligrams, 300 milligrams or 600 milligrams of CBD before their speeches. Those who received 300 milligrams of CBD experienced significantly reduced anxiety during the test compared to those who received the placebo. Interestingly, participants who received either 150 or 600 milligrams of CBD experienced more anxiety during the test than the 300 milligrams group.

Meanwhile, at least one study in mice revealed CBD had effects similar to the antidepressant imipramine. Human trials are needed, though, to confirm whether CBD can induce this same antidepressant reaction in our bodies.

2. Treat Select Epilepsy Syndromes

In some instances, CBD can be used to treat epileptic seizures.

In 2018, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the use of CBD under the brand name Epidiolex to treat seizures resulting from Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome—two rare forms of epilepsy—in patients at least 2 years old.

Three well-vetted studies provide the basis of support for the FDA’s decision. In these trials, 516 patients with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or Dravet syndrome received either Epidiolex or a placebo. Epidiolex, when taken along with other prescribed medications, decreased the frequency of participants’ seizures compared to the placebo.

3. Reduce PTSD Symptoms

In a small 2018 study in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 11 people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) received CBD along with routine psychiatric care for eight weeks in an outpatient psychiatric clinic. Ten of the 11 experienced a decrease in their PTSD symptoms. CBD was generally well tolerated, the researchers write.

Margaret Rajnic, a doctor of nursing practice experienced in medical cannabis and CBD, emphasizes the importance of using therapy in tandem with any type of cannabis or CBD for PTSD. “There is an amount of therapy that is needed for PTSD,” she says. “But CBD will give you that little bit of decreased anxiety.”

Four other human trials from 2012 to 2016 suggest CBD reduces PTSD symptoms, although some include THC, or tetrahydrocannabinol, the main mind-altering element in cannabis. When THC and CBD work together, they create what’s called an “entourage effect,” complementing each other’s benefits and potency. For example, taking the same dose of THC and CBD together tempers the “high” from THC, while just a little THC paired with more CBD enhances the effects of the CBD.

4. Treat Opioid Addiction

Some studies—both preclinical animal and human clinical trials—suggest CBD could be used to help treat people who are dependent on opioids.

In one such study, researchers administered CBD to people with heroin use disorder. Over the course of a week, CBD significantly reduced heroin users’ cue-induced cravings, withdrawal anxiety, resting heart rate and salivary cortisol levels. No serious adverse effects were found.

Other studies find CBD helpful in reducing various psychiatric and medical symptoms like anxiety, insomnia and pain in patients with substance use disorders, indicating that CBD may be an effective treatment for opioid addiction. However, further studies are necessary.

5. Alleviate ALS Symptoms

Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a disease that causes nerve cells in the brain and spinal cord to deteriorate, resulting in loss of muscle control that worsens over time. It’s not yet understood exactly why ALS occurs, although it can be hereditary in some cases. There’s no known cure, and there are only two FDA-approved medications to help treat ALS symptoms.

Research suggests people with ALS can benefit from the entourage effect created by the combination of THC and CBD, similar to people with PTSD. In a 2019 study, patients received a combination of THC and CBD in varying doses depending on their needs and preferences. Those with mild, moderate or severe spasticity (muscle tightness and stiffness) due to ALS reported high levels of satisfaction with the treatment, and those with moderate to severe spasticity reported higher satisfaction rates than those with mild spasticity.

6. Relieve Unmanageable Pain

In 2005, Canada approved the use of Sativex, an oromucosal (absorbed in the lining of the mouth) spray with equal proportions of THC and CBD, for the treatment of multiple sclerosis-related central neuropathic pain. In 2007, Canada approved the medicine’s use again for cancer pain that proved unresponsive to other medications.

Meanwhile, continued studies in the U.S. indicate CBD is effective in treating chronic, non-cancer pain. In one 2020 study, researchers administered CBD topically to a group of patients with symptomatic peripheral neuropathy (a result of brain nerve and spinal cord nerve damage) while another group with the same condition received a placebo. Results showed a significant reduction in intense, sharp pains and cold, itchy sensations in those who used the topical CBD compared to those who used the placebo. No participants reported adverse side effects.

When introduced topically, CBD oil doesn’t affect the systemic issue as it might if it were introduced directly into the bloodstream. Instead, topical CBD is more localized and treats pain in a certain area. Since it’s more direct, it may have a more pronounced effect.

7. Ease Diabetic Complications

For starters, tests on human cells found that CBD helps reduce the effects of high glucose levels on other cells in the body, which typically precedes the development of diabetes and various complications. Researchers concluded that with further studies, CBD could have significant benefits when used in patients with diabetes, diabetic complications and plaque buildup in artery walls.

In another small study, 13 patients with type 2 diabetes who weren’t on insulin treatment were given both CBD and a placebo (in lieu of insulin). Researchers found CBD decreased their levels of resistin (which causes resistance to insulin, the protein that regulates sugar levels) and increased their levels of glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (a hormone that ensures a sufficient release of insulin from digested food) compared to their baselines before they started the test. These results suggest CBD could be a natural treatment for diabetes by helping the body regulate insulin-related hormone levels.

8. Protect Against Neurological Disease

Preclinical and clinical studies show that CBD has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Researchers deduce these characteristics can provide significant neuroprotection, or protection against numerous pathological disorders.

Several preclinical studies suggest CBD can produce beneficial effects against Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease and multiple sclerosis. Huntington’s disease and cerebral ischemia were also tested, although significant positive results were not recorded. Further clinical studies are needed to confirm CBD’s benefits when used as a treatment for these disorders.

9. Inhibit Arthritis Symptoms

Arthritis involves the deterioration of the tissues in and around your joints. There are several types of arthritis, and symptoms include pain, stiffness and loss of motion. Arthritis treatment usually targets pain relief and improved joint function.

A 2006 study found that Sativex—a CBD-based botanical drug approved in the United Kingdom in 2010—promoted statistically significant improvements in quality of sleep, pain during movement and pain at rest in patients with rheumatoid arthritis when compared to a placebo. It was the first controlled trial of Sativex as a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, involving 58 patients. CBD was found to have a pain-relieving effect, as well as an ability to suppress disease activity.

In 2018, in a study of more localized treatment, researchers administered a synthetic CBD gel in either 250-milligram or 500-milligram doses daily or a placebo to patients with knee pain due to osteoarthritis. Patients also stopped taking any other anti-inflammatory medications or painkillers, with the exception of acetaminophen, before and during the study period.

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The results were interesting, although not entirely conclusive. On one hand, those treated with CBD did not experience much change in pain when compared with placebo patients. On the other hand, there were statistically significant differences between the group receiving the 250-milligram dose and the placebo group when measuring the average weekly improvement of their worst pain levels and their WOMAC (Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index) physical function rating. Additionally, men seemed to benefit from CBD more significantly than women in this test.

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Sources

Elms L, Shannon S, Hughes S, Lewis N. Cannabidiol in the Treatment of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Case Series . The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine. 2019;25(4):392-397.

Rajesh M, Mukhopadhyay P, Bátkai S, et al. Cannabidiol attenuates high glucose-induced endothelial cell inflammatory response and barrier disruption . American Journal of Physiology-Heart and Circulatory Physiology . 2007;293(1):H610-H619.

Mannucci C, Navarra M, Calapai F, et al. Neurological Aspects of Medical Use of Cannabidiol . CNS Neurol Disord Drug Targets . 2017;16(5):541-553.

Nagarkatti P, Pandey R, Rieder SA, Hegde VL, Nagarkatti M. Cannabinoids as novel anti-inflammatory drugs . Future Med Chem . 2009;1(7):1333-1349.

Hunter D, Oldfield G, Tich N, Messenheimer J, Sebree T. Synthetic transdermal cannabidiol for the treatment of knee pain due to osteoarthritis . Osteoarthritis and Cartilage . 2018;26:S26.

What Are the Benefits of CBD?

More than 60 percent of CBD users were taking it for anxiety, according to a survey of 5,000 people. Does it help?

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By Dawn MacKeen

The CBD industry is flourishing, conservatively projected to hit $16 billion in the United States by 2025. Already, the plant extract is being added to cheeseburgers, toothpicks and breath sprays. More than 60 percent of CBD users have taken it for anxiety, according to a survey of 5,000 people, conducted by the Brightfield Group, a cannabis market research firm. Chronic pain, insomnia and depression follow behind. Kim Kardashian West, for example, turned to the product when “freaking out” over the birth of her fourth baby. The professional golfer Bubba Watson drifts off to sleep with it. And Martha Stewart’s French bulldog partakes, too.

What is CBD?

Cannabidiol, or CBD, is the lesser-known child of the cannabis sativa plant; its more famous sibling, tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is the active ingredient in pot that catapults users’ “high.” With roots in Central Asia, the plant is believed to have been first used medicinally — or for rituals — around 750 B.C., though there are other estimates too.

Cannabidiol and THC are just two of the plant’s more than 100 cannabinoids. THC is psychoactive, and CBD may or may not be, which is a matter of debate. THC can increase anxiety; it is not clear what effect CBD is having, if any, in reducing it. THC can lead to addiction and cravings; CBD is being studied to help those in recovery.

Cannabis containing 0.3 percent or less of THC is hemp. Although last year’s Farm Bill legalized hemp under federal law, it also preserved the Food and Drug Administration’s oversight of products derived from cannabis.

What are the claims?

CBD is advertised as providing relief for anxiety, depression and post-traumatic stress disorder. It is also marketed to promote sleep. Part of CBD’s popularity is that it purports to be “nonpsychoactive,” and that consumers can reap health benefits from the plant without the high (or the midnight pizza munchies).

Just as hemp seedlings are sprouting up across the United States, so is the marketing. From oils and nasal sprays to lollipops and suppositories, it seems no place is too sacred for CBD. “It’s the monster that has taken over the room,” Dr. Brad Ingram, an associate professor of pediatrics at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, said about all the wild uses for CBD now. He is leading a clinical trial into administering CBD to children and teenagers with drug-resistant epilepsy.

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Does CBD work?

“It’s promising in a lot of different therapeutic avenues because it’s relatively safe,” said James MacKillop, co-director of McMaster University’s Michael G. DeGroote Center for Medicinal Cannabis Research in Hamilton, Ontario.

Last year, the F.D.A. approved Epidiolex, a purified CBD extract, to treat rare seizure disorders in patients 2 years or older after three randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled clinical trials with 516 patients that showed the drug, taken along with other medications, helped to reduce seizures. These types of studies are the gold standard in medicine, in which participants are divided by chance, and neither the subject nor the investigator knows which group is taking the placebo or the medication.

Understand Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

The invasive symptoms of PTSD can affect combat veterans and civilians alike. Early intervention is critical for managing the condition.

  • Removing the Stigma: Misconceptions about how PTSD develops and its symptoms, can prevent people from seeking treatment.
  • Psychedelic Drugs: As studies continue to point to the therapeutic value of substances like MDMA, veterans are becoming unlikely advocates for their decriminalization.
  • Healing Power: Despite weight lifting being associated with violent bursts of brawn, many people find pumping iron to be a valuable tool in addressing PTSD.
  • Ripple Effect: Caring for someone with PTSD can be a taxing experience. A writer describes how her relationship changed when her partner developed the condition.

While there is hope for treating other conditions with the plant extract, Epidiolex remains the only CBD-derived drug approved by the F.D.A. Most of the research on cannabidiol has been in animals, and its current popularity has outpaced science. “We don’t have the 101 course on CBD quite figured out yet,” said Ryan Vandrey, an associate professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

Does CBD help anxiety and PTSD?

For students with generalized social anxiety, a four-minute talk, with minimal time to prepare, can be debilitating. Yet a small experiment in the journal Neuropsychopharmacology found that CBD seemed to reduce nervousness and cognitive impairment in patients with social anxiety in a simulated public speaking task.

However, a double-blind study found healthy volunteers administered CBD had little to no change in their emotional reaction to unpleasant images or words, compared to the placebo group. “If it’s a calming drug, it should change their responses to the stimuli,” said Harriet de Wit, co-author of the study and a professor in the University of Chicago’s department of psychiatry and behavioral neuroscience. “But it didn’t.”

Many soldiers return home haunted by war and PTSD and often avoid certain activities, places or people associated with their traumatic events. The Department of Veterans Affairs is funding its first study on CBD, pairing it with psychotherapy.

“Our top therapies attempt to break the association between reminders of the trauma and the fear response,” said Mallory Loflin, an assistant adjunct professor at the University of California, San Diego and the study’s principal investigator. “We think that CBD, at least in animal models, can help that process happen a lot faster.” While large clinical trials are underway, psychologists say there isn’t compelling evidence yet as to whether this is a viable treatment.

Does CBD help sleep and depression?

Up in the wee hours of the night, stuck watching videos of puppies? CBD may be promising as a sleep aid; one of the side effects of the Epidiolex trials for epilepsy was drowsiness, according to Mr. MacKillop, a co-author of a review on cannabinoids and sleep. “If you are looking for new treatments for sleep, that may be a clue,” he said.

But he cautions that the side effects could have been because of an interaction with other medications the children were taking to control the seizures. So far, there hasn’t been a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial (the gold standard) on sleep disorders and CBD.

A recent chart review of 72 psychiatric patients treated with CBD found that anxiety improved, but not sleep. “Over all, we did not find that it panned out as a useful treatment for sleep,” said Dr. Scott Shannon, assistant clinical professor of psychiatry at the University of Colorado, Denver and the lead author of the review in The Permanente Journal.

Sleep can be disrupted for many reasons, including depression. Rodents seemed to adapt better to stressful conditions and exhibited less depressive-like behavior after taking CBD, according to a review in Journal of Chemical Neuroanatomy. “Surprisingly, CBD seems to act faster than conventional antidepressants,” wrote one of the authors of a new review, Sâmia Joca, a fellow at the Aarhus Institute of Advanced Studies in Denmark and an associate professor at the University of São Paulo in Brazil, in an email interview. Of course, it’s difficult to detect depression in animals, but the studies that Ms. Joca and her colleagues reviewed suggested that in models of chronic stress exposure, the mice and rats treated with CBD were more resilient.

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But without clinical trials in humans, psychologists say CBD’s effect on depression is still a hypothesis, and not an evidence-based treatment.

Is CBD harmful?

“If you take pure CBD, it’s pretty safe,” said Marcel Bonn-Miller, an adjunct assistant professor at the University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine. Side effects in the Epidiolex trial included diarrhea, sleepiness, fatigue, weakness, rash, decreased appetite and elevated liver enzymes. Also, the safe amount to consume in a day, or at all during pregnancy, is still not known.

Recently, the F.D.A. sent a warning letter to Curaleaf Inc. about its “unsubstantiated claims” that the plant extract treats a variety of conditions from pet anxiety and depression to cancer and opioid withdrawal. (In a statement, the company said that some of the products in question had been discontinued and that it was working with the F.D.A.)

Dr. Smita Das, chair of the American Psychiatric Association’s Council on Addiction Psychiatry’s cannabis work group, does not recommend CBD for anxiety, PTSD, sleep or depression. With patients turning to these to unproven products, she is worried that they may delay seeking appropriate mental health care: “I’m dually concerned with how exposure to CBD products can lead somebody into continuing to cannabis products.”

Some CBD products may contain unwanted surprises. Forensic toxicologists at Virginia Commonwealth University examined nine e-liquids advertised as being 100 percent natural CBD extracts. They found one with dextromethorphan, or DXM, used in over-the counter cough medications and considered addictive when abused; and four with a synthetic cannabinoid, sometimes called Spice, that can cause anxiety, psychosis, tachycardia and death, according to a study last year in Forensic Science International.

Earlier research found fewer than a third of 84 products studied contained the amount of CBD on their labels. Some users of CBD have also failed drug tests when the product contained more THC than indicated.

This year, 1,090 people have contacted poison control centers about CBD, according to the American Association of Poison Control Centers. Over a third are estimated to have received medical attention, and 46 were admitted into a critical care unit, possibly because of exposure to other products, or drug interactions. In addition, concern over 318 animals poured into the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals’ Animal Poison Control Center.

Is CBD a scam or not?

A few drops of CBD oil in a mocha or smoothie are not likely to do anything, researchers contend. Doctors say another force may also be at play in people feeling good: the placebo effect. That’s when someone believes a drug is working and symptoms seem to improve.

“CBD is not a scam,” said Yasmin Hurd, director of the Addiction Institute of Mount Sinai in New York City who led a double-blind study of 42 recovering heroin addicts and found that CBD reduced both cravings and cue-based anxiety, both of which can cycle people back into using. “It has a potential medicinal value, but when we are putting it into mascara and putting it into tampons, for God’s sake, to me, that’s a scam.”

A comprehensive guide to CBD oil

In 2737 BC, a Chinese Emperor, Sheng Nung, used tea infused with cannabis to relieve numerous ailments, including rheumatism, gout, and malaria. It is reported that Queen Victoria used CBD for the alleviating of menstrual cramps during her reign which ended in 1901.

CBD oil is often presented in the media as a “cure-all” for many conditions and health concerns. Research is quick to point out that there is no sure-fire evidence that CBD is capable of doing just that.

There are over a hundred different cannabinoids present in the marijuana plant, and CBD is a phytocannabinoid that was discovered in 1940 by Dr. Roger Adams, a graduate from Harvard University. Along with his team from the University of Illinois, he was the first to extract CBD from the Cannabis Sativa plant successfully; however, the team did not fully understand what he had accomplished, 1963 brought the revelation of what he and his team had accomplished years earlier.

It is interesting to note that CBD was discovered over twenty years before the cannabinoid THC. However, it is THC that has been the dominant compound of marijuana in the research area. That was until recently, CBD is now being researched actively for its health benefits.

What is CBD oil?

CBD is one of the hundreds of cannabinoids that have been identified in the cannabis plant, and it accounts for up to 40% of the plant’s extracts.

In 1946 Dr. Walter S. Loewe conducted the testing on lab animals for the benefits of CBD. The lab testing was proof that CBD did not provide a high or altered mental state. Dr. Raphael Mechoulam studies of the same year identified the three-dimensional structure of CBD, and for the discovery, he is often credited as the scientist who discovered CBD.

Research continued on primates, and ultimately the first CBD oil that was designed for therapeutic use was provided by the British Pharmacopoeia. Most CBD oil is made from the extraction of CBD from the industrial hemp plant, which usually carries a higher content of CBD than the marijuana plant. It is then diluted with a carrier like a coconut oil or hemp seed oil.

Research continued for a couple of decades to help find the benefits of this second most common marijuana compound. Dr. Mechoulam made a breakthrough study in identifying CBD as a major contender in the treating of epilepsy. This medical breakthrough had the potential to change the lives of more than 50 million sufferers of epilepsy in the world. However, there were issues around the stigma associated with the word cannabis being paired with positive medical care at that time.

Before 2009, there was little indication that CBD was present in certain marijuana strains. However, the discovery of strains that were richer in CBD than THC bought numerous cultivators to begin turning to CBD-rich crops for their cultivation, thus making a considerable upsweep in the availability of the compound across the United States.

CBD derived from the hemp plant, and when used as a solo agent will not deliver feelings of highness. However, CBD is known to neutralize the psychoactive effects that THC, also from the marijuana plant, possess.

There is a direct interaction that CBD has with several proteins located in the body and the central nervous system. A few of which are part of the endogenous cannabinoid system.

Benefits of CBD oil

CBD binds to a few other receptor proteins that belong to the endogenous cannabinoid system. These include GPR6, TRPV1 TRPV2, and GPR3 the binding of CBD, and these could be the reason for the anti-inflammatory and pain-relieving effects that occur and are delivered to aid in numerous health conditions.

CBD is not intoxicating and has proven medically to benefit numerous health conditions. The interaction between CBD and some medications may inhibit certain drug levels in your liver. This can result in providing higher levels of the prescribed drug in your bloodstream. It is always wise to consult with your health practitioner when incorporating CBD into your medicinal regime.

How to use CBD oil for medical health

Marijuana’s use for health and wellness is at the forefront of medical studies and is moving quickly. The cannabinoid, CBD is becoming perhaps more sought after than the compound THC.

The many uses of CBD for health and wellness issues are skyrocketing. Scientists have proven that medically, patients who have epilepsy have had a significant reduction in the number of seizures that are experienced.

Types of CBD oil treatments

Chronic pain
Marijuana has been used for treating pain as far back as 2900 BC. Scientists have now discovered that CBD and other components are responsible for providing the pain-relieving effects produced. The scientific studies indicate that CBD’s impact on the endocannabinoid receptors, reduce the amount of inflammation and chronic pain felt. When CBD is combined with THC, there is an indication that it is effective in reducing the pain felt from multiple sclerosis.

Arthritic pain
CBD infused in lotion, or a topical gel has proven to be an aid for the person living with arthritis. Studies indicated pain reduction when CBD was applied in this method.

Some of the debilitating symptoms of arthritis that people complain about are stiffness and decreased movement in the affected joints. Studies have proven that CBD could prevent the pain from osteoarthritis along with joint neuropathy. The reviews verified the reduction of inflammation as the reason for the pain reduction associated with arthritis.

  1. Anxiety
    CBD oil has been associated with several mental health concerns. About 20% of the population may suffer from anxiety in some form. CBD has been proven to assist in the reduction of numerous anxiety disorders, and studies have found that CBD oil can be effectively and safely used for the treatment of reducing anxiety in younger children.

CBD is a natural plant-based oil that can stop the breakdown of the happy and blissful anandamide responsible for keeping our moods in perfect balance. Cannabidiol may be responsible for assisting in the lowering of isolation feelings experienced by some anxious people. Autism symptoms have also been recorded as showing a reduction when treatment includes CBD.

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The effects of PTSD are another mental health concern that can be reduced with the use of CBD. Studies indicate that the hippocampus, an area in the brain that is responsible for the healthy emotion and memory, can benefit from the use of CBD’s calming effects.

Social anxiety symptoms can be significantly reduced with the use of CBD and will not deliver the unwanted side effects of traditional drugs like diazepam. Some of these undesirable side-effects include weight gain, hormonal dysregulation and problems with movement; none of these side-effects is present when CBD is used.

Muscle spasms
These are one of the most common symptoms that plague MS sufferers. The short-term use of CBD can reduce the amount of spasticity that is experienced. CBD is effective due to the anti-inflammatory ability it can deliver.

Insomnia
CBD is proving to be an aid for short-term sleep problems. The easing of anxiety and pain promote healthier sleep patterns when using CBD. Using CBD for support in achieving a good nights’ sleep can provide relief without adding the unwanted sluggish feelings often experienced by OTC medication commonly used to battle those sleepless nights. CBD may be helping to fight those insomnia concerns by calming the nervous system.

Some studies have indicated that CBD can prevent the breakdown of the chemical transmitter in the brain that is responsible for mental functions, pain and the emotional state we feel. This action may allow for the sleep-promoting chemical to flow through our bloodstream, enabling the body to become drowsy. When CBD is used an hour before bedtime, you can look forward to a peaceful and restful nights’ sleep.

Weight control
Studies have shown that CBD may help in boosting the metabolism and assist in promoting weight loss. There is evidence that CBD binds to the CB1 and CB2 receptors located in the brain and lymphoid tissue. It is these receptors that are thought to play essential roles in the food intake and metabolism of our bodies.

Acne
Using CBD to treat this skin condition is achieved by the ability of CBD to adjust how the body creates sebum. The anti-inflammatory qualities of CBD will help to keep the skin clear of sebum buildups resulting in an outbreak of the skin. Acne appears to be the most common skin problem that humans have. When sebum, which helps to protect our skin, is mixed with dirt, dead skin cells and other pollutants, it can become trapped inside the pores, resulting in an outbreak of the skin; this is acne.

Studies show that CBD can help in restricting the amount of oily sebum that the body produces. CBD was also noted for triggering the anti-inflammatory reaction in the skin’s cells, which helped in preventing cytokines from activating. Cytokines could be the cause of provoking acne, and the reduction of cytokines may be the help needed in preventing any further outbreaks on the skin. Antifungal qualities provided by CBD may be the reason for the decrease of infections on the skin.

How to make CBD oil topical lotion

Although in some cases CBD can be taken orally to help in the control of acne, the best way to use CBD oil on the skin is to mix it with some form of carrier oil and apply it directly to the affected skin area. Some carrier oils that are used with CBD for the skin include:

  • Olive oil
  • Shea butter
  • Arjan oil
  • Coconut oil

How to make a CBD oil pain-relieving mango smoothie

  • 1 cup of freshly squeezed orange juice
  • 1/2 a cup of organic coconut milk
  • Your specific dose of CBD oil
  • 2 or 3 partial frozen diced mangoes
  • 1/ cup of shaved ice
  1. Use a blender to combine the orange juice, coconut milk and your CBD dose of oil and blend until it is smooth and creamy
  2. Now add the partially frozen mango and ice to the blender and blend till creamy and icy
  3. Serve immediately for a delicious, refreshing pain providing beverage

How to make a CBD oil bedtime cocktail

  • 1 cup of white grape juice
  • 1 cup of natural cherry juice
  • 1/2 of a dropper of valerian root tincture
  • A dose of your CBD oil
  1. Mix the ingredients together in a pitcher
  2. Enjoy a glass before bed for a good night’s sleep

Methods of consuming CBD for health issues

Here are some suggested methods of using CBD to produce the best benefits that this cannabinoid can provide.

Edibles are commonly found in the form of gummies and other candy forms like CBD honey. CBD edibles affect the body differently than other methods. CBD taken in this form needs to pass through the digestive system and with using this method for consuming CBD, the effects will take a bit longer to occur. Everyone’s digestive system is different, and the timing of feeling the results can take from 30 minutes to 2 hours, and with edibles, the effects are longer-lasting than other methods of using CBD.

Flower is another method where ingesting CBD requires the flower or bud to be smoked. There will be low levels of THC helping to encourage the entourage effect allowing CBD to amplify the pain-relieving qualities that THC can provide.

Topicals such as creams balms, ointments, or lotions can be applied directly to the affected area where pain and inflammation are being experienced. Using CBD topically can provide relief for muscular, nerve and skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.

Vape Oil in a CBD form comes in convenient pre-filled cartridges as well as bottles of CBD vape oil for filling your vape pen or mod. This method of consuming CBD is discreet, and fast-acting as inhaling into your lung provides CBD with a direct path to your bloodstream.

CBD oil for pets

iStock / Monica Click

While we know that CBD is beneficial and healthy for humans does CBD prove as helpful for our furry friends?

Pet owners have reported that their pets are receiving relieve from pain, especially neuropathic pain. It is also noted that seizures are controlled when CBD is included in the daily regime of dogs suffering from this. The use of CBD has been credited for assisting dogs who live with cardiac concerns, appetite stimulation, and possible anti-cancer benefits.

Side effects of using CBD oil for pets

Listed below are some possible side-effects of using CBD for your furry friend’s health complaints:

· Dry mouth is one such side-effect where CBD can decrease the production of saliva and could result in an increased need for water

· Drowsiness can be noted when CBD is used in treating anxiety in your dog. The calming effects especially if using higher dosage can result in a slight drowsiness effect

· Lowered blood pressure can be the result of higher doses of CBD being administered. It is usually a small drop in the pressure, which may result in feeling lightheaded.

Dosing CBD oil for pets

The dosing of CBD for your furry friend is still being studied. Currently, the veterinarian society does not advocate for the use of CBD. It is advisable for anyone planning to treat their dog with CBD oil to follow the rules that are suggested for humans. When ingesting any form of edible, go low and slow before increasing dosages. Also, be wise when shopping for CBD products for your dog’s, ensure to look for:

· Organic products are better and defiantly look for products that do not contain pesticides solvents or fungicides in the manufacturing of the products.

· Buy your CBD in a liquid form. This manner will provide a more accurate way to dispense the CBD to your dog by drops.

Legal status of CBD oil

iStock / Denise Hasse

CBD is legal in Canada only through a prescription. This will change in Canada at the end of 2019. However, after the legalization of CBD, it will still be illegal for the consumer to get their CBD from outside of Canada.

CBD is strictly regulated in Canada, just like cannabis, and the law states that CBD products must be sold legally only by registered retailers. In Canada, only Licensed Producers may lawfully make and distribute CBD oil.

Currently, producers of beverages and natural health products contain small amounts of CBD derived from other parts of the cannabis plant. This is illegal and currently does not fall into the requirements set up by Health Canada’s recreational and medicinal marijuana system.

In Canada, CBD is regulated under the Cannabis Act and Regulations and not regulated under Hemp regulations. This does not matter where the CBD originated with industrial hemp or not. To sell, produce, or process CBD products legally, one must have a license under the Cannabis Act and not under the Industrial Hemp Regulations. The products including edibles, beverages, topicals containing CBD, and extracts.

The federal and provincial government will provide jurisdiction over recreational cannabis use, and Health Canada will continue to be the regulator of medicinal marijuana.

Studies are continuing to find more benefits that CBD can provide to us. CBD is becoming a compound that is finding its way into our homes. Not only for a cure or aid in handling some very debilitating concerns but also as a wellness daily health regime but whatever method is chosen to provide your body with the natural benefits of using CBD products.