CBD Oil For Dogs Kidney Disease


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What is Kidney Disease in Dogs? Before we get right into the deep deep dive of kidney disease, let’s first talk about the importance of these vital organs that we may or may not give enough credit to. If we want to begin to understand just how important our kidneys are for preventing certain health concerns, we must ta Kidney disease is a severe condition which is fairly prevalent among dogs. As a matter of fact, kidney disease dogs is the most common health condition affecting dogs over age 8! Even worse, it has a variety of serious symptoms. Thankfully, pet owners effectively can manage these dog with kidney failure symptoms throug CBD Oil For Dogs Kidney Disease Table of Contents Sadly, kidney disease is a common ailment in older dogs. Kidney disease (also called renal disease) occurs when the normal functions of the

What is Kidney Disease in Dogs?

Before we get right into the deep deep dive of kidney disease, let’s first talk about the importance of these vital organs that we may or may not give enough credit to. If we want to begin to understand just how important our kidneys are for preventing certain health concerns, we must talk about what exactly is at risk.

In today’s article, we’ll discuss things you, as paw parents, should know about kidney disease in dogs. Whenever something goes wrong with any vital organs, such as the kidney, it’s a scary situation. With this being said, being able to recognize the early signs and symptoms of organ failure or damage can allow paw parents to act quickly and appropriately towards getting their puppers the necessary medical treatment needed.

In addition, there are numerous preventative measures that you can take and implement in your dog’s life to ensure that their kidneys stay healthy and happy.

Understanding Kidney Function: 7 Benefits

For starters, the kidney is made up of millions and millions of microscopic units called nephrons. These nephrons are responsible for going through and separating chemicals into discarded and reabsorbed back into the bloodstream files. Urine is a byproduct when the discarded chemicals dissolve in water. Kinda cool, right?

1. Vitamin D

Vitamin D is necessary for our doggo’s bones to function properly and absorb phosphorus and calcium. The kidneys work hard to produce an active form of Vitamin D, keeping our furry friend’s bones strong and healthy. If the kidneys are suffering, however, this can cause damage to the rest of the body.

2. Regulates pH Levels

The kidney helps your dog’s body regulate pH levels. As the cells begin to break down in your dog’s system, the cells turn into acids, per se. Different foods can cause cellular changes, resulting in acidic levels being too high or too low. Fortunately enough, the kidney can help regulate these levels by adding or removing acids in the body.

3. Removes Toxins

The kidneys play a key role in removing toxins, waste, and extra fluids from the body on a regular basis. Waste and extra fluids are stored in your dog’s bladder, well, until they urinate. But, if the kidneys are functioning correctly, this accumulation of toxins won’t get properly released and will continue to build up in their body.

This large amount of toxins can lead to irreversible damage for your furry friend. Dogs are exposed to various toxins every day, it is inevitable. But, if their kidneys aren’t able to rid the body of these toxins, this is where an accumulation can build up quickly.

4. Helps Control Blood Pressure

The kidney can help control your canine’s blood pressure. The kidneys are able to work consistently to decrease or increase blood pressure by controlling fluid amounts and producing various hormones to cause their blood vessels to contract or relax. The kidneys can make these changes depending on what your dog’s body needs at any given time. Amazing, right?

Thus, if their kidneys aren’t functioning up to par, high blood pressure can lead to worsened kidney damage. Blood pressure should continuously be monitored, especially if your dog has kidney failure. Medication may be prescribed to help in controlling your dog’s blood pressure.

5. Water Storage

If your pup is dehydrated, don’t worry, their kidneys have been conserving water during this time. The kidneys also work to remove any excess of water if they drink too much. This helps in preventing dilution in the bloodstream. Dogs with kidney disease aren’t able to produce concentrated urine, so they need to drink more water to help process their normal waste products.

6. Balances Electrolytes

The kidneys also play a key role in controlling your dog’s electrolyte balances in their bloodstream. Poor kidney function may result in a lack of ability to conserve potassium. If their potassium levels decrease in the body, your paw friend may become weak and lethargic. Don’t worry too much if this is the case, potassium supplements are commonly prescribed if this is the scenario.

We mentioned this briefly above, but a balance of phosphorus and calcium are needed in the blood at all times. Phosphorus rises when kidney dysfunction sets in, which will require continuous monitoring, therapeutic diet changes, and potential medicative prescriptions to keep their levels within normal ranges.

7. Protein Storage

Nephrons use a type of filtration process to help conserve protein at the same time they are discarding waste. If the nephrons are damaged, proteins can be lost in the urine. Proteinuria is closely monitored if your dog has kidney disease, especially if your dog is staging into kidney failure.

It’s incredibly crucial that your dog’s kidney function is in pristine health. They are essential to your dog’s well-being, quality of life, and daily function.

Where are the Kidneys?

Like us humans, our doggos have two kidneys! These are located in the dorsal abdomen alongside the lumbar spinal region.

What is Kidney Disease?

Kidney disease is also known as renal disease, which refers to any condition that may cause damage to the kidneys. In some instances, dogs may show early signs of kidney damage and if paw parents are able to recognize the symptoms quickly, treatment can be readily available. It may even be possible to reverse any short-term damage with a proper and diagnosed medical intervention from a licensed veterinarian.

Unfortunately, most cases of kidney disease aren’t diagnosed until it’s too late – when they’ve lost up to 75% of their kidney function.

With this being said, the early recognition of kidney damage can truly save your pup’s life! A routine check-up through preventative measures at the vet can help paw parents ensure that their furry babies are continuously in good kidney health.

Kidney Disease vs Kidney Failure

Kidney disease and failure may be used interchangeably. The biggest difference here is the stage of kidney dysfunction. For instance, stages one and two may be referred to as kidney disease and stages three and four may be referred to as kidney failure. Kidney disease, in the early stages, is potentially reversible. On the other hand, kidney failure, in the later stages, are often irreversible.

What are the Types of Kidney Disease?

1. Acute Kidney Disease in Dogs (AKD)

Acute kidney disease in canines begins when there is a quick decline in kidney function. This can happen in a matter of a couple of days, with or without much warning. The most common reason for acute kidney disease in doggos is due to toxin ingestion, including poison, medication for humans, or antifreeze of some sort.

AKD can even develop from infections or urinary obstructions, decreases in blood flow, or decreases in oxygen level delivery to vital organs.

Acute kidney disease usually has a root cause that vets are able to pinpoint. Thus, dogs with AKD should be able to start treatment sooner than later, with vets ensuring that this acute damage does not cause any permanent harm.

Every dog’s case is totally different though, so we encourage you to talk with your vet immediately if you suspect any changes or complications with fido’s behavior or health.

AKD Signs and Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of AKD can fall under the ‘general’ signs and symptoms of kidney disease. The biggest difference between general kidney disease and AKD is how rapidly the symptoms may develop. It’s important that paw parents know and understand that timely diagnosis and medical intervention is needed.

2. Chronic Kidney Disease in Dogs (CKD)

The second type of kidney disease in canines is chronic kidney disease (CKD). The chronic part of the disease refers to a condition that slowly develops over a long period of time. In addition, chronic can mean diseases that are constantly occurring or recurring. For this reason, the underlying cause of CKD in dogs can be extremely hard to diagnose, even with extensive tests.

CKD Signs and Symptoms

Similar to the general kidney disease signs and symptoms, those of CKD develop slowly with time. This can be scary because symptoms may not become obvious until your four-legged friend is experiencing a 75% loss of kidney function. Thus, it’s so important for you to know exactly when your dog’s health and well-being seems “different” or “off” and to act accordingly.

Symptoms of CKD may include:

  • Weight loss
  • Vomit
  • Oral ulcers
  • Pale appearance
  • Bad breath
  • Reduced appetite
  • Dehydration
  • Urinary leakage
  • Lethargy

What are the Causes of Kidney Disease?

The kidneys can be damaged in numerous ways, more than we can count most times. Kidney damage may be caused by the following:

  • Stress
  • Blood clots or loss
  • Dehydration
  • High blood pressure
  • Heart failure
  • Infection
  • Shock
  • Kidney stones
  • Untreated diseases

Kidney Disease in Dogs: Final Thoughts

Being a responsible and caring paw parent isn’t always easy as some make it out to be. In particular, when issues come up, it can not only be a tough pill to swallow but also a quick recap of wondering when things go wrong.

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From feeding your pup only the highest quality dog foods to giving them all the love and attention they desperately deserve, you do your best to ensure their needs are met, at any and all times. But, from time to time, health issues are inevitably going to rise.

It’s so important that you are able to keep on top of your dog’s health and well-being, reacting in a way that keep your furry friend happy and healthy.

How CBD Treats may Help with Kidney Disease

Kidney disease is a severe condition which is fairly prevalent among dogs. As a matter of fact, kidney disease dogs is the most common health condition affecting dogs over age 8! Even worse, it has a variety of serious symptoms. Thankfully, pet owners effectively can manage these dog with kidney failure symptoms through the use of CBD (cannabidiol). It’s a natural hemp plant extract. CBD has a high effectiveness and safety profile.

A stringent diet in along with a CBD Oil kidney failure routine may offer excellent results for treating symptoms of canines that have kidney disease.

CBD Dog Treats: What are they?

They’re treats for dogs with kidney problems which contain a cannabis extract referred to as CBD (cannabidiol). These days you easily can find these natural remedies for kidney failure in dogs treats on the internet or within specific areas in which CBD is available like the Innovet Pet Products website. CBD belongs to a class of compounds called cannabinoids that attach themselves to cannabinoid receptors all throughout a dog’s body.

Collectively, the receptors comprise the ECS (endocannabinoid system) which has multiple positive effects.

CBD rapidly is becoming the preferred cannabinoid in the treatment of various ailments (which includes kidney disease) in dogs. It’ll metabolize easily and virtually has no side effects for your pet. CBD isn’t psychoactive like THC (tetrahydrocannabinol).Therefore, whether you offer your dog CBD capsules, CBD oil, or CBD dog treats it won’t confuse or intoxicate your pet. Also, CBD has a stellar “safety profile” because it’s impossible to overdose on.

Innovet Pet Products CBD Oil and Treats Bundle for Large Dogs

Innovet’s dog hemp package is specifically put together to encourage the general well-being and health of your dog. This blend is ideal for daily health maintenance and offering enjoyable treats for dogs with kidney failure on the go or at home. Shopping for all your dog’s needs may be overwhelming because of the numerous possible products you can purchase, which is the reason why we developed this all-in-one care CBD and kidney function package. If we have the ability to make life easier for you while assisting your dog in enjoying better health, we have done our job!

Our first product in the package is a 750 milligrams proprietary PurCBD oil bottle. Our CBD exclusively is sourced from hemp that is grown on organic farms and regularly test it through a 3rd-party to ensure that no undesired additives make their way inside your dog’s supplement. Innovet uses the purest ingredients and just sell products they use on their own pets.

The second product in Innovet’s package is a bag of Maple Bacon and Berries hemp hard treats. These were especially made for medium to larger dog breeds. They are ideal for dogs requiring a bit more. Your dog will like these!

CBD Helps Symptoms for Canines that have Kidney Disease

CBD Oil and Kidney Disease

So, what are the symptoms of kidney disease in dogs? The following list is a part of what conditions CBD may be able to effectively help manage in both humans and pets. CBD provides various positive effects on canines. As you’ll see most of those symptoms are the same as the CKD symptoms, meaning CBD makes an outstanding natural candidate for aiding in the relief of symptoms of canines that have kidney disease.

CBD assists in managing these kidney disease symptoms in dogs:
  • Acting as an efficient painkiller
  • Decreasing inflammation all throughout the body
  • Helping manage depression, anxiety, and/or agitation
  • Aiding your dog in getting healthy rest
  • Providing relief for muscle spasms and/or tremors
  • Managing dog seizure disorders
  • Increasing levels of “good” fat and promoting a healthy heart
  • Stabilizing blood sugar levels in order for them to be beneficial and healthy
  • Sustaining appetite at healthy levels

Beware of Symptoms of AKD and CKD

Kidney disease is a severe dog condition. It either can be AKD (acute kidney disease) or CKD (chronic kidney disease).

CKD also is referred to as “renal failure”. It’s a condition which happens over an extended time period, typically with a deteriorating prognosis. Acute kidney disease is a result of one situation which causes the kidney failure. Canines may develop acute kidney disease after they consume toxic substances like poisonous foods, antifreeze, and medications.

As a loving pet owner, it’s important to pay attention to your pet’s usual behavioral patterns. If you see your pet veering away from their usual happy behavior it might indicate that something is wrong. If you notice any one or more of these kidney failure in dogs symptoms in your pet you should take him to a vet.

Symptoms of AKD and CKD:
  • Vomiting/nausea
  • Disorientation/problems with coordination
  • Tarry or black feces/bloody diarrhea
  • Bad breath (because of a buildup of toxins inside the dog’s body)
  • Lethargy/fatigue
  • General gastrointestinal distress/constipation
  • Depression/agitation/anxiety
  • Severe weight loss/loss of appetite
  • Comas/seizures
  • Acute blindness
  • Excessive thirst/urination
  • Death

As you can see, CBD effectively can help manage various symptoms for canines that have kidney disease. The most remarkable element of this CBD and kidney disease supplement is that it’s delicate on your pup’s metabolism. That means it’ll efficiently manage the condition and overlying symptoms without taking a toll upon your pup’s body.

Keep in mind, if your pooch experiences some type of kidney disease, their general system already is compromised and weakened. As a consequence, you only should offer them a medical supplement which doesn’t place extra pressure on their physiology, metabolism or general health.

Proper Diet for a Canine that has Kidney Disease

Healthy kidneys are critical to your pup living a healthy life. The responsibility of a canine’s kidney includes helping him effectively expel waste from his body in the form of urine. Imagine the kidneys as huge filtration devices which take all of the fluids in your pup’s body, aids them then keeps the stuff the body requires while dumping the waste and/or toxins it doesn’t need.

A healthy diet is such a vital aspect of maintaining your pup’s kidney. But if the kidney degrades, the importance of a managed diet is necessary. There isn’t any cure for kidney disease in canines; therefore, the next solution includes managing the symptoms as best as you can.

The 4 main goals for managing chronic kidney disease in dogs:
  • Treat all symptoms and reduce the quantity of waste that accumulates inside the blood.
  • Reduce side effects of imbalanced bodily fluids, as well as mineral levels (like sodium, potassium, and/or phosphorous).
  • Offer adequate nutrition and nourishment.
  • Slow down the progression/development of CKD, which includes both the underlying condition and overlying symptoms.

Maintaining correct nutrition fulfills all these goals. It’s vital to craft a diet which takes into consideration the changes in your pet’s metabolism because of the weakened state of the kidneys. Think about the following changes and additions to your pet’s general diet to keep the disease under control.

Diet recommendations for dogs that have kidney disease:

The protein that is found in eggs is the simplest form for canines to digest. It’s better to primarily use egg whites with around one yolk per each three eggs.

Vitamin A

Think about administering vitamin A supplements as they help to lubricate the kidneys. The suggested dosage for dogs is 100 to 200 IU for every kg of body weight a day.

Vitamin C

Due to their incapability of breaking down a variety of waste product and toxins, canines with kidney disease have alkaline blood. The use of vitamin C in acidic form (from cranberries, juniper berries, or parsley) or from supplements will assist in balancing the pH.


There are various herbs which boost the function of your pet’s weakened kidneys, which includes gluten-free brewer’s yeast, kelp, alfalfa, and green tea.


It’s the most critical addition; make certain that your pet gets as much water as possible. Also, it includes changing from dry dog food to canned, moist food (which has a high water content level).

The right kidney support diet for canines that have kidney disease:
  • Omega-3 fatty acids – 0.4 to 2.5 percent
  • Sodium – Less than 0.3 percent
  • Phosphorous – 0.2 to 0.5 percent
  • Protein – 14 to 20 percent

If you stick with these dietary limitations while using CBD as an additional supplement in the overlying kidney disease symptoms, your dog ought to show significant improvement in their condition.

Ingredients to Avoid

It’s important that a canine with kidney disease be given a diet that won’t place more undue stress on their kidneys.

Within the broadest sense, that means the diet has to consist of food sources that have lower levels of:
  • Nitrites (like sodium nitrite)
  • Nitrates (like potassium nitrate)
  • Sodium (which includes sodium chloride, or table salt)
  • Gluten (products that are made from wheat)
  • Calcium
  • Potassium
  • Phosphorous
  • Fat
  • Sugar

Some of those have to be decreased in higher levels than other ones, and it’s always better to confer with your vet to figure out how better to structure your pet’s new diet.

Is Peanut Butter alright for Dogs that have Kidney Disease?

Thankfully, peanuts are a type of nut that’s extremely low in phosphorous, which means that it additionally has low levels of that particular mineral. In addition, peanut butter has moderate protein levels which may easily be more metabolized by your pup’s weakened kidneys. The best type of peanut butter is a low-sodium, additive-free, and organic product.

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It’s especially vital that you avoid any peanut butter brands which have been artificially sweetened using xylitol. The ingredient is among the most poisonous to canines, and in some instances even may lead to death. Check the product’s label in question and be certain that it doesn’t have xylitol!

Foods to Avoid

There are several different foods to be avoided by all canines, yet particularly so in dogs that have kidney disease. If consumed it might mean dire consequences for our pet. As a matter of fact, grapes, nutmeg, xylitol, dark chocolate, and raisins are considered to be the most harmful common food sources that poison canines.

Because the kidneys play such an important part in the general metabolism of your pooch, if they aren’t properly functioning, it’ll become essential to restrict the types of food that your furry friend can consume. There are numerous foods which essentially become off-limits for canines that have kidney disease, which includes:

Dark Chocolate

Dark chocolate always is toxic to all canines due to the existence of calcium, potassium, and theobromine. Furthermore, the rawer and darker the chocolate is, the greater the levels of theobromine are. The chemical compound may cause seizures, muscle tremors, irregular heartbeat, internal bleeding, and a possibly deadly heart attack.


Lentils and beans both have high potassium levels. If your pup suffers from kidney disease, the productivity of the organ gets decreased and metabolizing potassium places undue strain on the animal’s metabolic system. As a consequence, the mineral starts building up in your pet’s blood and eventually leads to possibly irreversible heart damage.

Egg Yolks

Due to their reduction in productivity, your pet’s diseased kidneys will have a hard time filtering the high phosphorous levels which are present in egg yolks. Phosphorous takes calcium from the bones; therefore, if it reaches a high concentration in your pet’s blood, it’ll lead to a weakened skeletal system.

Cured Ham

The ham curing process comprises of injecting the ham with either sodium nitrite or potassium nitrate. They’re both antioxidants and kinds of salt which are utilized to preserve the ham, prevent it from spoiling, and give it a characteristic color and taste. But potassium nitrate might lead to kidney stones, particularly if the kidneys aren’t functioning correctly. Moreover, the usage of sodium nitrite results in high sodium levels, therefore elevating blood pressure and further damaging the kidneys.

Fatty Foods

If your pet suffers from kidney disease, their odds of getting pancreatitis are a lot greater if they consume foods which are excessive in fat (like bacon, for instance). Don’t entirely cut out fat out, as it’s an important aspect of a healthy diet. It only is necessary to avoid excessively fatty food sources.

Dairy Products

Milk is extremely rich in phosphorous, potassium, calcium, and protein. The kidneys have the job of filtering those minerals, as well as stabilizing their levels in your pet’s circulatory system. You don’t want your pet’s kidney to work harder than it needs to.

Turkey, Chicken, and Fish

All these meats are especially high in phosphorous. However, there are meats which are low in phosphorous, like minced pork, lamb, as well as beef.

Bananas, Citrus Fruits, and Avocados

All these fruits are very high in potassium. Again, the mineral will require healthy kidneys to sustain proper levels within your pup’s metabolic system.


It’s obvious that alcohol always is toxic to canines, yet if they suffer from kidney disease, it’s especially harmful. The majority of dogs don’t touch alcohol except for toothpaste and a variety of dental products which are sold and designed for dogs. Avoid all alcohol if your pup suffers from kidney disease.


Walnuts are very toxic for your pet, even if they’re in excellent health. Consumption of any part of a walnut is harmful, which includes the wood, shells, nuts, and husks.

Wild Mushrooms

If your pet spends a good amount of time in the woods, they might tend to root around inside the ground for wild mushrooms because they have the odor of fish to a dog. It’s extremely risky as some mushrooms already are very toxic, even if your pet has healthy kidneys.


Xylitol an artificial sweetener that’s toxic to healthy canines and possibly deadly to dogs that have kidney disease.

Raisins and Grapes

Raisins and grapes are very poisonous for dogs and may lead to acute kidney failure! It’s a fact even if your pet isn’t suffering with kidney disease. The APCC (Animal Poison Control Center), in 2004, assessed one year’s worth of information and came to the conclusion that of 140 cases of raisin/grape poisoning in canines, 50 developed severe symptoms of acute kidney failure and seven died.


Nutmeg is a household spice that’s extremely toxic and possibly deadly for all dogs, particularly the ones that have kidney disease. Scientists don’t really know why it’s so harmful.

CBD Dog Treats and Additional CBD Products

Using CBD treats may help pet owners with the underlying kidney disease and the overlying symptoms which cause so much distress and pain to our furry friends. It is also possible to use CBD capsules, CBD Oil (tincture), to administer CBD to your pet.

Each of those CBD products are going to supply your pet’s system with the CBD it requires. But, for the best results, the majority of dog owners utilize a CBD oil tincture for routine dosing and CBD treats intermittently between doses.

If you need to try CBD treats, it is possible to use them not just as a medical supplement yet as an incentive for proper behavioral modification and training. Also check out our new botanical supplement chews for great nutrition!


Doctor of Veterinary Medicine, St. Georges University

Sara Redding Ochoa, DVM was raised in north Louisiana. She graduated from LA Tech in 2011 with a degree in animal science. She then moved to Grenada West Indies for veterinary school. She completed her clinical year at Louisiana State University and graduated in 2015 from St. George’s University. Since veterinary school she has been working at a small animal and exotic veterinary clinic in east Texas, where she has experience treating all species that walk in the hospital. In her free time, she likes to travel with her husband Greg, bake yummy desserts and spend time with her 4-legged fur kids, a dog Ruby, a cat Oliver James “OJ”, a rabbit BamBam and a tortoise MonkeyMan.

Thanks for stopping by!
P.S. We Love You!

The Innovet Team

Please do not ask for emergency or specific medical questions about your pets in the comments . Innovet Pet Products is unable to provide you with specific medical advice or counseling. A detailed physical exam, patient history, and an established veterinarian are required to provide specific medical advice. If you are worried that your pet requires emergency attention or if you have specific medical questions related to your pet’s current or chronic health conditions, please contact or visit your local/preferred veterinarian, an animal-specific poison control hotline, or your local emergency veterinary care center.

Please share your experiences and stories, your opinions and feedback about this blog, or what you’ve learned that you’d like to share with others.

CBD Oil For Dogs Kidney Disease

Table of Contents

Sadly, kidney disease is a common ailment in older dogs. Kidney disease (also called renal disease) occurs when the normal functions of the kidney are reduced, and can even be fatal.

Fortunately, there are treatments available to prevent the progression of kidney degeneration as well as to help the symptoms of the disease.

One of the ways owners try to improve their dog’s quality of life with chronic disease is by incorporating cannabidiol (CBD) into their diet or therapy plan, and kidney disease is no exception.

Why are the kidneys important?

The kidneys act as a filtration system for blood, clearing waste products and producing urine which is delivered to the bladder.

They are therefore important in regulating the balance of fluid in the body, as well as the minerals and electrolytes in the blood. If the kidneys are not functioning properly, the effects can cause terminal illness.

Chronic kidney disease

Chronic kidney disease is the most common type of kidney disease in dogs, affecting up to 10%. Chronic kidney disease occurs as a result of slow deterioration of the function of the kidney, and is considered a degenerative disorder. Unfortunately, chronic kidney disease is often at an advanced stage before it is detected by veterinarians and owners.

Acute kidney disease

Acute kidney disease is less common, and usually occurs after one particular event, often after the ingestion of poison or another toxin. Common toxins known to cause renal problems in dogs are antifreeze, grapes, and anti-inflammatory medications. Deterioration happens within hours or days, and can range from mild to severe in damage.

Symptoms and diagnosis of kidney disease

The most commonly noted symptoms of kidney disease are excessive drinking and urination. This is usually noticed by owners when their pet needs to be taken out to urinate more, or when their pet is having accidents in the house. Owners may also notice that they need to refill their water bowl more often. Other general signs of illness include loss of appetite, lethargy, low mood and potentially vomiting.

Regrettably, Dr Stephen P. DiBartola of the International Renal Interest Society (IRIS) warns that these symptoms indicate an already relatively advanced state of the disease, with kidney function likely already reduced by two thirds.

Signs of kidney disease can be detected in blood tests, with the build-up of waste products indicating a reduction in the kidneys’ ability to filter the blood. However, when problems are detected in standard laboratory tests, kidney function is again likely already very limited. Therefore, in order to detect kidney disease at an earlier stage, regular check-ups at the vet are important for an elderly dog.

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What causes kidney disease?

Kidney disease is usually multifactorial in nature. Some breeds are more prone to developing kidney disease, including Bull Terriers and Cocker Spaniels. Research published in 2013 found that other risk factors for kidney disease in dogs include advanced age, cardiac disease, hypertension, and periodontal disease, which is a bacterial infection in the mouth.

Other features associated with kidney disease are thought to be poor diet, ingestion of toxic chemicals, and dehydration.

How can I prevent my dog from getting kidney disease, or limit the disease progression?

Kidney disease is tricky to prevent, as often it occurs as a result of genetics and age. However, there are some steps you can take to limit the chances of your pooch developing kidney disease. Similarly, if your pet has already been diagnosed with kidney disease, there are some things you can do to limit further deterioration of the kidneys.

Regular trips to the vet

Catching kidney disease early is the best way to limit its development. Annual blood and urine tests are the best way to detect changes in kidney function over time that could indicate disease progression.

With dogs that have already been diagnosed with kidney disease, regular monitoring of their health ensures that your vet is well-informed regarding the status of your dogs’ disease. This allows them to prescribe the best medication and advise the correct treatment regimes.

A good diet

Nutrition is key for any chronic illness. In Dr Joseph W. Bartges’ literature review, he recommends feeding your pet a highly palatable diet full of calorie dense food to maintain muscle mass and a healthy weight if they are suffering from chronic kidney disease.

To help prevent the onset of kidney disease, you should select high quality pet food for your dog, give them plenty of water, and ensure they have no access to harmful foods such as chocolate and grapes.

Maintain good oral health

Dental problems are a leading cause of kidney disease. Therefore, it is extremely important that you practice good dental hygiene with your dog. This includes regularly brushing their teeth and using dental sticks.

Extra nutrients

With poorly functioning kidneys, certain nutrients are likely to be lacking. It is recommended that a dog suffering from chronic kidney disease has a diet supplemented with vitamin B, omega-3 fatty acids, and potassium.

A good resource

An online resource you might find helpful is this video by Dr Ruth Roberts, who is a leading expert in alternative veterinary medicine. In this video, Dr Roberts describes a variety of methods that can be used to treat kidney disease, including nutritional changes and supplements to improve kidney function.

Can CBD help a dog with kidney disease?

A recent trend in alternative in complementary medicines in humans and pets alike, is the use of cannabidiol as a therapeutic agent. CBD is used to treat a huge number of ailments in humans, including chronic pain, inflammation, cancer, anxiety, sleep problems, and neurological disorders. Anecdotal and preliminary evidence suggests CBD can have measurable benefits in certain contexts (particularly in treating seizures), but rigorous scientific testing is lacking.

In spite of the limited scientific research, there has also been a huge increase in the use of CBD at for treating similar health problems in pets. There is some supporting evidence of its effects in pain management in canine osteoarthritis, and anti-convulsant effects in dogs suffering from seizures. Could CBD have beneficial effects in the management of kidney disease?

The endocannabinoid system in dogs

Cannabinoids are chemicals that can be extracted from Cannabis plants. Cannabidiol (CBD) is the main non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis plants, meaning it does not produce a “high”.

CBD is increasingly used in alternative and complementary therapies because of its health benefits. However, legitimate scientific research into its beneficial applications to medicine is still limited, partly due to the complexities surrounding the legality of cannabis plants in many countries.

The endocannabinoid system describes the physiological signals in the body that respond to cannabinoids. Cannabinoids include the chemicals extracted from the cannabis plants, but there are also a class called endocannabinoids, which are produced by the body.

The endocannabinoid system consists of two receptors in the cell, as well as the cannabinoids that they bind to in order to begin a signal cascade, kicking the system into action. These receptors are called CB1 and CB2. CB1 is largely found in the cells of the brain and central nervous system, CB2 is primarily found in cells of the immune system.

What does the endocannabinoid system do?

The endocannabinoid system is increasingly investigated as a therapeutic target owing to its broad roles in mammalian physiology, including in regulating sleep, metabolism, immune system, neuroprotection, and various neural processes.

Broadly, the function of the endocannabinoid system can be summarized as maintaining homeostasis in the body. This means it helps to regulate the body’s internal environment, such as the temperature, balance of chemicals, pH, and water balance.

Should I use CBD on my dog with kidney disease?

The first important feature of CBD use is that it has been shown to be safe for consumption in dogs. Therefore, it is unlikely to do harm, and might be worth trying as part of a vet-approved treatment regime for kidney disease.

Many pet owners turn to CBD for help in managing symptoms of chronic diseases. A recent study reported that vets observe the most beneficial effects of CBD were on pain management, reduction of seizures and relieving anxiety. There are no studies examining the use of CBD in the treatment of kidney disease in dogs, however, CBD could potentially help in managing some aspects of the condition.

CBD might help to manage any pain associated with kidney disease

If your dog appears to be in pain as a result of kidney disease, CBD might be able to mediate the symptoms. There is some evidence that CBD can help with pain management of chronic kidney disease in humans. However, there is no scientific literature related to dogs.

That being said, with the research suggesting CBD could be used for pain management in other canine diseases, it could be worth exploring this as an additional way to make your dog feel more comfortable.

CBD might stimulate your dog’s appetite

There is some evidence suggesting that cannabinoids can stimulate appetite. This can be effective if your dog is struggling to eat, which is a common symptom of chronic illnesses such as kidney disease. Helping with their appetite can improve their overall health and quality of life. It is important to note that studies into appetite stimulation effects of CBD in dogs have not been carried out, and evidence is largely anecdotal.

General health benefits and improvement to quality of life

Despite the lack of direct evidence highlighting beneficial effects of CBD on kidney disease, some pet owners have reported general health benefits of CBD in dogs. Such anecdotal evidence could be confirmed with more scientific methodology once the research community catches up with the recent interest in therapeutic benefits of CBD products.

Such general health benefits might reduce your pet’s anxiety and improve their mood, allow for better rest and overall better health, improving your pet’s quality of life and ability to enjoy life in spite of their illness.

How can I give my dog CBD?

CBD is commercially available in a variety of different ways. This includes treats, oils, supplements, dental sticks and diffusers. The decision of which delivery method to use might be down to trial and error and will depend on the personal preferences of you and your four-legged friend.

Best CBD Oil For Dogs With Kidney Disease

When it comes to Dogs with kidney disease, the last thing we want to do is introduce THC which is toxic to dogs and contained in a lot of CBD products.

CBDmd are a public company that offer completely THC free products specially formulated for dogs by veterinarians. The products come in various strengths from $19.99 and you can get natural and peanut butter flavour which our dogs love.

CBDmd also offer a pet lovers bundle where you can get Canine CBD oil, Calming Oil and Hemp Treats for a reduced price.

Don’t forget to also use Coupon Code: GREATHEMP at the checkout for further savings

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The outlook for a dog with kidney disease

Kidney disease is relatively common in older dogs, and its complex symptoms are often not picked up on until kidney function has deteriorated substantially. Kidney degeneration is irreversible, but steps can be taken to slow the progression of the disease and treat its symptoms.

The manifestation and progression of kidney disease in dogs is highly variable and dependent on multiple factors. This means that predicting a life expectancy and quality for your dog living with kidney disease is tricky.

If your dog is in the end stages of kidney disease, keeping them comfortable is highly important. This can include providing them with a comfortable place to rest with their favourite blanket or toys, and spending lots of time with them. CBD can also be incorporated into a treatment or care plan to relax your dog and ease their pain living with chronic kidney disease.

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