What is going to happen if your dog ingests too much CBD oil? Can a dog overdose on CBD oil and is it a big deal? Keep reading to find out. Planning to go to the CBD route? Can CBD overdose in dogs be fatal? With proper dosage, your pup can live a happy and healthy life.
Can A Dog Overdose On CBD Gummies
Table of Contents
Can a Dog Overdose on CBD Oil?
No, dogs can overdose on hemp CBD oil, at least not in the traditional, effective way. However, high doses of dog CBD oil can result in adverse side effects. The good news is that dogs are likely to sleep off these effects. Namely, CBD does not react with brainstem receptors and does not cause respiratory depression. Plus, dogs can only utilize so much CBD, and the rest will remain a waste.
Honest Paws Well CBD Oil for Dogs
- Support sensitive skin & seasonal allergies
- Boost immune system & cognitive function
- Enhance bone & joint health
- Promote relaxation & combat stress
In a 2018 critical review report by the World Health Organization, it is explained that large doses of CBD top out in lethargy, stomach upset, extreme drowsiness, and diarrhea. In another WHO article , “Safety and side effects of cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent,” conducted on humans and animals, researchers found out that CBD products have “no significant effects unless extremely high doses are administered…in excess of 30 mg per kg of body weight.” A 2019 study , “Cannabinoid treats as adjunctive therapy for pets: gaps in our knowledge,” stated that cannabinoids have a “favorable safety margin when administered orally.”
Bottom line, based on current information derived from these studies, it is safe to assume that CBD overdoses in dogs are possible in theory, but they rarely occur in practice. As long as pet parents stick to the general guideline and recommended dosage, the use of CBD oil and CBD dog treats are perfectly safe.
Dog Overdose Versus Toxicity, What’s the Difference?
Overdosing happens when a safe substance is given in excess, while toxicity happens due to unsafe substances even if given in minimal doses to dogs. In more practical terms, what dog owners should know is that CBD can cause an overdose while THC toxicity. Let’s take a closer look into the difference between overdose and toxicity.
An overdose occurs when a dog is given more than the recommended amount of some otherwise safe and beneficial medication, supplement, or natural substance. In such a case, the pet’s metabolism cannot detoxify the substance fast enough, causing unintended side effects.
Pet poisoning or toxicity is different from an overdose. Toxicity occurs when a dog ingests a drug that has no benefit in any dose but holds toxic potential. This poison could be a human medication, a plant in your home, marijuana products, wild mushrooms, or more.
Therefore, when it comes to CBD for dogs, pet owners should only buy hemp-derived CBD products. The hemp-derived CBD extract contains trace amounts of THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive plant compound that society associates with getting high. To avoid THC toxicity in your pet, choose hemp-derived CBD with less than 0.3% THC and prevent any exposure to marijuana.
Can You Give too Much CBD Oil to Dogs?
Yes, you can give your dog too much CBD oil. However, giving a full dropper of CBD oil instead of half a dropper is not a dangerous situation. Following an excess CBD dose, the most common sign is sleeping off the adverse effects.
This is because CBD has a good safety profile and is unlikely to cause serious effects even in large doses. In addition to the potential benefits of CBD, the wide safety margin is the second best thing about high-quality CBD oil.
Can CBD Kill a Dog?
No, hemp CBD oil will not kill a dog. In theory, since pet CBD products are allowed to contain trace amounts of THC (less than 0.3%), and THC is toxic, consuming a significant amount of CBD pet treats and oils can result in toxicity. However, this is highly improbable in practice, as it would take your dog eating an enormous amount of CBD.
However, CBD products and marijuana edibles like brownies and chocolates for medicinal purposes and recreational use in people contain high levels of THC and can toxicity in dogs. The ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center , Pet Poison Helpline, and CBD companies receive frequent calls about THC exposure in companion animals.
THC toxicity symptoms in dogs include vomiting, ataxia, slow heart rate, urinary incontinence, anxiety , hyperesthesia like sensitivity to loud noises, light, and touch, dilated pupils, and extreme lethargy. Dogs with THC toxicity need to be promptly and adequately treated by a veterinarian. Depending on the dog’s condition, the vet will recommend hospitalization to ensure proper treatment, injection of IV fluids (intravenous fluids), and supportive care.
So, the answer two the question “Can CBD oil kill a dog” depends on the cannabis plant. CBD extracts made from hemp plants cannot kill a dog while CBD extracts from marijuana plants can kill a dog. Another issue with CBD treats for humans is they often contain artificial sweeteners, and some of them, like xylitol are toxic to dogs. Even a small amount of xylitol causes severe cases of intoxication in dogs.
What Happens When a Dog Takes too Much CBD Oil?
If a dog takes too much CBD oil, it will become sleepy. This adverse reaction is the result of drowsiness, light-headedness, and low blood pressure. To understand the consequences, pet owners must be familiar with how CBD oil products work.
Namely, CBD exhibits its health benefits and effects by interacting with the endocannabinoid system (ECS). The ECS consists of endocannabinoids, cannabinoid receptors, and enzymes. The ECS is responsible for maintaining homeostasis, a state of balance and health by regulating many functions and processes like pain, inflammation, body temperature, appetite, sleep, mood, memory, etc.
CBD binds with these cannabinoid receptors, thus modulating the ECS. In case of giving too much CBD oil, the cannabinoid receptors will quickly saturate. Then, the excess CBD amount will be simply flushed out from the body. High doses of CBD can be the result of a miscalculated pure CBD dosage. It can also happen if your dog found a way to reach its favorite CBD peanut butter or, for example, cleaned out the jar or if your dog ate a whole bag of CBD dog treats .
In such mild cases, chances are your dog will sleep the CBD effects off and be fine within a few hours. It is a good idea to give your pet some water and allow it to rest. Also, keep in mind that harmless symptoms are possible.
Signs You Have Given Your Dog too Much CBD Oil
The telltale sign you have given your dog more CBD than necessary is sleepiness. Other signs include lack of appetite and vomiting, while in rare cases, dogs may develop diarrhea as well.
High doses of CBD are also linked with an increased risk of potential side effects. The risk of cannabis use side effects depends on two factors including dose and oil quality, with CBD oils of good quality being less likely to trigger adverse effects. Also, there is the individual factor with some dogs being more sensitive than others. Below is a list of the Side Effects of CBD Oil in Dogs :
- Dry Mouth
- Lowered Blood Pressure
- Liver Enzyme Alterations
What to Know About Treating CBD Overdoses in Dogs
Considering the benign nature of the so-called hemp CBD overdoses in dogs, more often than not, there is no need for treatment. As mentioned, just make sure your dog has access to drinking water and let it sleep off the effects.
On the other hand, if dealing with THC toxicity, seek veterinary attention as soon as possible. The faster you react, the better the outcome for your pet. Mild cases can be treated on an outpatient basis, while more severe cases require hospitalization. Prompt stabilization, followed by supportive care and extra love, are vital for a speedy recovery.
When to go to the Vet for a Dog CBD Overdose
If you have some doubt or it seems like your dog is too sleepy after being dosed with CBD oil, it is advisable to call the veterinarian and consult. If your dog is prone to the mentioned side effects and the increased lethargy is starting to affect its everyday activities, you need to talk with the vet about dosage modification. Finding the right CBD dosage for your dog takes time, experimentation, and patience.
When a Dog CBD Overdose is an Emergency
Dog CBD overdoses are considered an emergency if the ingestion involves THC, which is found in human CBD products and marijuana.
A 2016 study , “Marijuana for pets?” states that despite the limited research and the “less than 60 papers in PubMed on marijuana in dogs,” the toxic effects are well-confirmed. The study mentions that dogs are sensitive to THC because they have a “higher number of cannabinoid receptors in the brain compared with humans.”
Therefore, if your dog ate THC-containing CBD oil or treats, call the Pet Poison Helpline or head toward the nearest emergency clinic.
CBD Overdose in Dogs: Can CBD Oil Harm My Dog?
Are you still unsure about giving CBD to your dogs? Are you afraid of CBD overdose in dogs? We get it. There are still many uncertainties to CBD due to a lack of studies.
However, a growing number of pet parents are now enthusiastic about CBD due to the positive side effects they see on their pups. CBD side effects will differ depending upon the dosage you administer.
To help lessen your doubts and fears, let’s tackle if CBD or too much CBD intake can harm dogs. With the proper dosage, CBD for dogs can have significant benefits for your dogs.
Dog Overdose vs. Dog Toxicity
Confused between overdosing and toxicity. Toxicity comes from an unsafe substance that is considered toxic to your pet. Overdosing happens when given too much of a safe substance.
In overdose, the dog’s metabolism can’t quickly detoxify the substance, and this causes specific side effects. Toxicity or poisoning is when a dog has ingested a drug that carries toxic potential. Toxicity can come from THC, human medication, food, or plants.
What is CBD?
CBD or Cannabidiol is a compound found in hemp plants. Of more than 80 cannabinoids, CBD and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two main cannabinoids found in cannabis products.
CBD vs. THC
The main difference between THC from CBD is that THC is a psychoactive compound responsible for getting people ‘high’. At the same time, CBD has a lot of great benefits for us humans and even our dogs.
How does CBD work in a dog’s body?
Like humans, dogs have the Endocannabinoid System. The ECS helps regulate the many bodily functions like pain, inflammation, metabolism, mood, immune function, and more.
When CBD enters a dog’s body, the CBD stimulates the Endocannabinoid System’s receptors called CB1 and CB2 by releasing endocannabinoids.
These endocannabinoids help the dog’s body to be calm and balanced. If the body is not producing enough endocannabinoids, it can result in depression or sad behaviors.
Can CBD Overdose Kill or Harm My Dog?
Let’s settle this here; NO CBD will not kill your dog. But dogs can overdose on CBD and can have harmful side effects too.
To help avoid these issues, you have the responsibility to know the correct dosage that your dog needs. You also have to research and understand the ingredients of the CBD product you’re about to give.
Always check if the CBD product contains THC. Less than 0.3% THC is only allowed in CBD for pets as it can be toxic to our dogs.
CBD products come in different forms, like oil, treats, and cream. We highly suggest you look for the Certificate of Analysis or COA on every CBD product that you’ll buy.
The Certificate of Analysis tells you the chemicals and ingredients in the product. Knowing all components, you can avoid potentially harmful ingredients for your dogs (e.g., allergies).
CBD Overdose Side effects
You might have heard the saying, “too much of something good is bad.” Well, that can also apply in taking CBDs.
Your dogs can potentially experience harmful side effects when given the incorrect dosage of CBD. A common side effect of CBD overdose is lethargy. Your dog might lack energy after too much intake of CBD.
Many people believe that the cause of this is the impurity of CBD on the products.
CBD might not be toxic because it doesn’t have a psychoactive compound. It can still have possible side effects when overdosed. Here are a few potential side effects of CBD overdose in dogs:
- Lethargy or Lack of Energy all of a sudden
- Urinary Incontinence
- Overwhelming Sensations
- Excessive Drooling
CBD Dosage for Dogs
CBD oils have different concentrations. That’s why it’s essential to check the box first. The correct CBD dosage for dogs depends on the dog’s weight. A good rule of thumb is to start with 1-2mg per 10 pounds.
It usually takes about 30-45 mins after the intake to take effect. So if your dog is experiencing motion sickness or anxiety on road trips, give CBD oil 30 minutes before you’re planning to go.
Furthermore, if it is your first time giving CBD, remember to monitor your dogs for possible side effects so that you can adjust the dosage next time.
Is it safe to give your dog CBD every day?
This will depend on the dogs and the reasons they are taking it. Recent studies suggest that dogs that suffer from arthritis or seizures can benefit from taking 2-8mg/kg or lower twice per day, with an 8-12 hours interval.
Is CBD Addictive to Dogs?
There is no evidence that CBD can be addictive to dogs. However, even though CBD is a natural supplement with significant benefits, we should always choose the best quality products for our dogs.
Frequently Asked Questions about CBD for Dogs
Can I use Human CBD for dogs?
There are significant differences between human CBD and CBD for dogs. There are differences in concentration, potency, and even flavors.
Human CBD can have flavors that are toxic to our dogs. Chocolate and Xylitol are examples of this. These flavors are known toxins to dogs.
Do vets recommend CBD for dogs?
Since the Food and Drug Administration doesn’t regulate CBD products for animal use, vets are hesitant to prescribe CBD for dogs. Most US veterinary boards advise vets to avoid discussing or defining CBD until the FDA approves it.
However, that doesn’t mean you can’t buy CBD for your dogs. You can legally purchase hemp-derived CBD for dogs if you’re 21 years old and above.
How long does CBD stay in a dog’s body?
CBD effects can stay on your dog’s body for about 24 hours. But it will also depend on the dosage you give them and the physiology of the individual dog.
It will also depend on the reason why you are using CBD. For example, if your dog is experiencing health issue symptoms, they might need more or less dosage of CBD.
When discussing the longevity of CBD in the dog’s body, we’re talking about the CBD’s “half-life.” Half-life is the amount of time for the concentration of the CBD to decrease by half of the amount you gave it.
For example, suppose your dog is experiencing separation anxiety, and you have given them in the morning by the end of the day. In that case, the CBD side effects inside their body might not be enough for the comfort that they need in the evening.
CBD Overdose in Dogs Final Thoughts
As we discover the world of CBD for dogs, we can’t help but wonder about the possible side effects due to the lack of studies in this field. CBD overdose in dogs could happen, but the side effects will not be fatal.
CBD overdose potential side effects include excessive drooling, vomiting, lethargy, and urinary incontinence. As a responsible owner, you have the responsibility to know the ingredients and chemicals present in the CBD product that you’re giving your dog.
THC is a big no-no in CBD for dogs. Only 0.3% or lower is allowed on CBD products for pets. It is also your job to know these CBD effects and monitor your dogs to make adjustments for the next dosage.
CBD overdose will not kill your dogs. It is not even addictive.
Moreover, the amount of benefits your dogs can get from CBD triumphs all of these possible side effects. CBD can help your pup live a long and healthy life with proper dosage.