OUR Articles While it is legal for the University of Nebraska and Nebraska Medicine to possess cannabidiol ( also known as CBD), possession by anyone not participating in the medical Marijuana and CBD laws can be confusing at the best of times. We aim to clarify matters in this guide to cannabis and CBD in Nebraska. As state officials begin clarifying its legality, hemp-derived delta-8 THC remains permitted in Nebraska.
While it is legal for the University of Nebraska and Nebraska Medicine to possess cannabidiol ( also known as CBD), possession by anyone not participating in the medical cannabidiol pilot study will likely be treated as if they are in possession of an illegal controlled substance.
CBD is a cannabis compound that has been studied as a new drug, taken as treatment for conditions such as anxiety, Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis. It does not have a psychoactive effect, and is often distributed as an extract in oil form. While CBD oil may have a valid medical purpose, law enforcement appears to treat it as contraband.
Earlier this year, in Washington County, law enforcement raided a Vape store which sold products containing CBD oil claiming it was a controlled substance.
One legal issue is whether CBD oil is in fact “marijuana”. According to Nebraska Revised Statute 28-401 (13) marijuana includes all parts of the genus cannabis plant, whether growing or not, and every compound, manufacture, or derivative of such plant or its seeds. However, this does not include mature stalks of the plant, or cannabidiol contained in a drug product approved by the FDA or pursuant to Nebraska revised statutes. Furthermore, Nebraska Revised Statutes section 28-405 does not list CBD oil as a controlled substance.
What is Cannabidiol?
According to Nebraska Revised Statute 28-463, cannabidiol means the processed cannabis plant extract, oil or resin that contains more than 10% CBD by weight, but no more than 3/10 of a percent tetrahydrocannabinols by weight, in either liquid or solid form.
How do I Know if it’s Illegal?
Unfortunately some people don’t know if their CBD oil is illegal until they’ve been arrested by law enforcement and the substance has been tested.
An investigation into CBD oil is similar to other narcotics investigations where the government must still prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the substance is the actual illegal substance the they claim it to be. In some cases involving narcotics, law enforcement may arrest and send a person to jail only to find out months later that the substance that was tested was not illegal.
The Target of the Investigation
It appears that vape shops are the new target of CBD investigations. Ironically, many vape shops have openly advertised the products containing CBD. In these instances, the owners believe that products containing CBD was legal and were open and upfront about the product, because they believed it was legal.
If you or a loved one has been the target of a CBD, marijuana, or other narcotic investigation, contact the aggressive experienced criminal defense attorneys at Berry Law.
CBD Oil in Nebraska: Is It Legal? [Complete 2022 Guide]
Keeping up with CBD and cannabis laws can be tricky. Trust us – it’s our job! The situation is ever-changing, and it can be complicated deciphering regulations in different states.
The federal government has been reluctant to change its mind on marijuana, which has been illegal in the United States since 1937. CBD is a little more accepted. Either way, it’s up to individual states to have the final say. With different regulations in every state – and those regulations changing by the week – it’s hard to figure out what’s going on.
Nebraska is a state that has maintained a relatively strict stance against cannabis and CBD. Slowly, things are looking up for cannabis advocates in the Cornhusker State. Let’s find out more about the current situation with marijuana and CBD products in Nebraska.
Is CBD Oil Legal in Nebraska?
Broadly speaking the answer is yes if the CBD comes from hemp with a maximum THC content of 0.3%. However, answering this question is not straightforward.
Before the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act passed in 2019, Republic Attorney General Doug Peterson issued a memo saying CBD was a Schedule 1 substance unless it’s an FDA-approved drug. The memo also made an exception for products approved by the University of Nebraska Medical Center.
No updates were made to this following the passing of the Hemp Farming Act. So, where does this leave CBD?
Nebraska CBD Laws
Nebraska Revised Statutes section 28-405 does not list CBD as a controlled substance. This implies that you are free to use CBD should you choose.
There is a suggestion that hopeful CBD sellers can register their product with the Nebraska Department of Agriculture. Once the Department tests and approves the product, it is licensed for sale within the state, diminishing the risk of arrest.
Please note that you must also pay all relevant fees, including:
- Cultivator fees
- Cultivator site registration
- Processor-handler site fees
- Site modification fees
It’s better to pay the fees, as penalties for selling unlicensed CBD products in Nebraska can amount to $25,000 and a prison sentence of up to 20 years.
Although these regulations are confusing, the crux is this: Hemp-derived CBD products seem okay as long as the relevant authorities approve them.
Many online reports imply that the Farm Bill made hemp and CBD legal. This is a bit of an oversimplification.
The Plot Thickens with the Farm Bill
The Farm Bill is a piece of federal legislation outlining agricultural practices in the USA. It’s updated every 5-6 years on average, with the most recent version being the 2018 Farm Bill.
Part of this bill was the Hemp Farming Act. The Act separates hemp and marijuana by definition, outlining that industrial hemp plants contain less than 0.3% THC. Under this definition, the Act allows states to decide on hemp cultivation and CBD production. This opens a pathway for states to think about the sale and use of CBD products.
Nebraska’s Hemp Farming Act means that licensed cultivators can now grow and process hemp in the state.
In Nebraska, it led to the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act, which became law on May 30, 2019. Before this act, only universities could grow hemp for research purposes. Now, cultivators can apply for a license to grow and process hemp in the state.
Hemp farming acts are usually an excellent opportunity for CBD sales. The Nebraska Hemp Farming Act does not mention CBD specifically at any point, though, causing quite a bit of confusion.
What CBD Products Can I Use in Nebraska?
Up to now, the only CBD product you can use with absolute certainty in Nebraska is Epidiolex. The FDA has approved this synthetic cannabinoid. However, you can only obtain it from a healthcare provider if you have a severe form of intractable epilepsy.
With the above information in mind, it seems that Nebraska isn’t being too strict on hemp-derived CBD right now. Most penalties are leveled at retailers, as the regulations for selling CBD are even more blurry. As a consumer, you likely don’t have to worry much.
Unlike some other states, Nebraska doesn’t appear to have a ban on particular consumption methods. However, a proposed MMJ bill would have banned smokable forms, so it’s probably best to avoid raw hemp flower. Vape shops are also taking a hit from law enforcement right now, so maybe stay away from vaping.
Tinctures, gummies, capsules, and topicals do not appear to be causing a huge problem.
Where to Buy CBD in Nebraska?
Despite potentially facing legal issues, plenty of physical stores in Nebraska are willing to sell CBD products. Here are five with solid customer reviews.
However, it’s probably best to source CBD products from out of the state. It’s tricky to find licensed products in Nebraska due to the complex nature of the rules. There are plenty of high-quality CBD retailers online that offer products following the Farm Bill’s rules.
Whenever you buy CBD, it’s vital to stick to a hemp-derived product with less than 0.3% THC. You can verify this information by checking lab reports. Never buy from a company without visible lab reports. Here are five online CBD brands that tick all the right boxes:
- Just CBD
- Joy Organics
- Premium Jane
Is Marijuana Legal in Nebraska?
No. In 1927, the state of Nebraska banned cannabis. Not only did this ban prohibit marijuana, but it also led to the rapid decline of hemp production. Throughout America, the prohibition of marijuana led to a gray area for hemp cultivation, and it all but died out.
Ever since the 1920s, Nebraska has maintained its anti-cannabis stance. To this day, possession is illegal, but decriminalization means that penalties are not as harsh as they once were. In 1969, Nebraska eased the restrictions so that first-time possession is not a serious offense.
In 2012, the neighboring state of Colorado legalized cannabis recreationally. Nebraska law enforcement subsequently noted an 11% increase in marijuana arrests. In a strange turn of events, Nebraska and Oklahoma attempted to sue Colorado in the Supreme Court. The Court intervened and denied the request to proceed with the lawsuit.
These days, there is a growing push for the state to legalize medical marijuana. However, at the time of writing, medical marijuana use in Nebraska remains prohibited. The Cannabis Compassion and Care Act was proposed in 2015, which would have permitted marijuana concentrates for therapeutic purposes. Suggested medical conditions included HIV/AIDS, glaucoma, and cancer.
In 2016, a Senate filibuster blocked the bill. As a result, Nebraska is still suffering from a lack of MMJ. The fight continues, however. There are concerted efforts to legalize the substance, although cannabis proponents continue to face stiff opposition.
Explaining the relevant laws…
Cannabis Penalties in Nebraska
Nebraska has decriminalized the possession of small amounts of marijuana. Therefore, you are guilty of a civil infraction if caught with less than an ounce. The penalty is a fine of $300. If found with a small amount of weed for a second time, you are charged with a misdemeanor and could spend five days in prison. A third offense means a possible seven-day jail term.
It is a misdemeanor to carry over an ounce with a potential 3-month jail stint as the penalty. The possession of over a pound of weed is a felony. This is a serious charge, and you could spend five years in prison if found guilty.
Things get even worse if you’re caught selling marijuana in Nebraska. It is a felony to sell any amount. There is a mandatory minimum prison sentence of a year attached to this crime, but you could face up to 20 years of imprisonment!
Final Thoughts on CBD Oil in Nebraska
Nebraska does not have some of the easiest regulations to understand. The fact that marijuana is illegal is black-and-white, but CBD is occupying a gray area right now. Many Nebraskans enjoy CBD products without a worry, but you need to be careful that your CBD comes from a trusted source.
As for MMJ, the tide might be turning. Campaigners are pushing hard for medical marijuana in Nebraska. Perhaps we will see big changes sometime soon.
Is Delta-8 Legal in Nebraska?
Delta-8 remains legal in Nebraska while state officials attempt to clarify its legality.
Hemp-derived delta-8 is legal in Nebraska, but state officials are currently reviewing its legality. Currently, the use, possession, sale, distribution, purchase, and production of delta-8 products are permitted under state law without risk of penalty or prosecution. However, with nearly 20 US states now restricting or banning delta-8 following pressure from the federal government and the DEA, we expect delta-8’s legality in Nebraska hangs in the balance. Pair this with a staunch anti-cannabis state governor and delta-8’s future doesn’t look promising.
Is delta-8 currently legal in Nebraska?
- Delta-8 is legal in Nebraska under state and federal law. The use, possession, sale, distribution, purchase, and production of delta-8 products are permitted without fear of penalty or prosecution.
- However, while law enforcement are not seeking to make arrests over delta-8 possession, state officials are currently reviewing delta-8’s legality.
- Other THC isomers, including delta-10, HHC, and THC-O, are also legal under state law, as is hemp-derived CBD.
- Medical cannabis and recreational marijuana are illegal under state law, despite multiple attempts to legalize them.
Is delta-8 THC legal in Nebraska?
Yes, delta-8 THC is legal in Nebraska under state and federal law, but state officials are still attempting to determine its legality. One such state official is a notorious anti-cannabis governor with a lot of influence on state decisions and proceedings.
According to news reports, Nebraska State Governor Pete Ricketts, who famously stated marijuana legalization would contribute to the killing of kids, requested State Attorney General Doug Peterson to review if delta-8 falls under the state’s definition of marijuana. Marijuana is an illegal controlled substance under Nebraska’s Controlled Substances Act.
If Peterson concludes that delta-8 is an illegal controlled substance, the use, possession, sale, purchase, distribution, and production of delta-8 products in the state will most likely be prohibited under state law.
However, according to recent news reports, Lincoln-Lancaster County Narcotics Task Force LPD Captain Ryan Dale believes delta-8 isn’t a problem in Nebraska and won’t arrest anyone in possession of delta-8 products, stating:
“I don’t know that I would characterize [delta-8] as an issue. To my knowledge, they’re not doing anything illegal.”
For Dale, the biggest issue is differentiating between delta-8 and marijuana, an illegal controlled substance carrying more than the federally legal 0.3% THC. To protect delta-8 users from law enforcement, he recommends taking some precautions:
There’s no legal requirement for how you carry the Delta-8 products, but I would recommend that people keep them in their original packaging and then maybe even keep the receipt with it. It won’t be seized if all signs point to it being delta-8.
Ryan Dale, Narcotics Task Force LPD Captain
Legislative history of delta-8 in Nebraska
Currently, delta-8 THC derived from hemp plants carrying no more than 0.3% THC (by dry weight) is legal following the passing of the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act (LB 657). This bill coincides with the federal Agriculture Improvement Act (2018 Farm Bill), which legalizes hemp production, hemp cultivation, and hemp-derived compounds, including delta-8.
The Nebraska Hemp Farming Act defines hemp as a variety of Cannabis sativa, including viable seeds and all cannabinoids, derivatives, extracts, salts, and acids, with no more than 0.3% THC on a dry weight basis. Delta-8 is a cannabinoid in hemp and a derivative of delta-9, meaning it’s currently legal under state law.
Meanwhile, Chapter 28 of Nebraska’s Uniform Controlled Substances Act classifies all marijuana-derived tetrahydrocannabinols as controlled substances, including delta-1 cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, delta-6 cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol, and delta 3,4 cis or trans tetrahydrocannabinol. It does not list hemp-derived tetrahydrocannabinols, nor does it mention delta-8 in any capacity.
Buying delta-8 in Nebraska?
Since hemp-derived delta-8 is currently permitted in Nebraska, you can purchase delta-8 products online and through physical retail stores located all throughout the state, but mostly in Lincoln. Many of these online and physical stores sell delta-8 oils, delta-8 gummies, delta-8 flower, and delta-8 vape cartridges.
To legally purchase, use, and possess delta-8 vape products in Nebraska, you must be above the age of 21, as outlined in the Nebraska PACT Act, signed into law on June 30, 2010.
We always recommend buying delta-8 products online. Not only is it convenient, but it’s also an easy way to see if the products you’re purchasing are safe, transparent, and high-quality firsthand.
If you’re not in close proximity to a physical retail store and you’re struggling to find the best online delta-8 vendor, our list of the best delta-8 brands will steer you in the right direction.
Can you travel to Nebraska with delta-8?
Yes, you can travel into Nebraska with delta-8, provided it’s sourced from hemp plants carrying no more than 0.3% THC. Likewise, the hemp-derived delta-8 product(s) in your possession should contain no more than 0.3% THC. If the THC quantity is higher, it’s classified as marijuana-derived. Marijuana and marijuana-derived products are prohibited under state and federal law.
As a general rule, do not cross any US state border with marijuana or marijuana-derived delta-8 in your possession. All marijuana products are federally controlled substances and every state border is governed by the federal government. Traveling from one US state to another with delta-8 in your possession is a federal crime. Depending on the quantity in your possession, you could be prosecuted for trafficking an illegal substance.
Is marijuana legal in Nebraska?
No, recreational cannabis is illegal, and there is no program allowing patients access to medical cannabis.
However, the state decriminalized simple cannabis possession after a controversial voter ballot initiative in 2018, sparing offenders jail time if caught with less than 1 oz of cannabis.
A new initiative to legalize medical cannabis in Nebraska could appear on the state ballot next year if enough signatures are gathered before the July 7, 2022, deadline.
Medical marijuana is not legal in Nebraska. The state has no medical cannabis program, despite attempts to establish one. The legal status of medical cannabis in Nebraska means the use, possession, sale, distribution, purchase, cultivation, and production of cannabis for medicinal purposes are prohibited under state law.
In 2015, Bellevue Sen. Tommy Garret introduced Legislature Bill 643 (Cannabis Compassion and Care Act) to the unicameral state legislature. The bill sought to legalize medical cannabis for qualifying patients suffering from serious illnesses, including HIV/AIDS, cancer, glaucoma, and hepatitis C. The bill was blocked and eventually died after a Senate filibuster in 2016.
In 2019, Nebraska State Attorney General Douglas J. Peterson argued passing a medical marijuana bill would be unconstitutional and in direct conflict with the federal Controlled Substances Act:
“Creating a state regulatory scheme that would affirmatively facilitate the cultivation, processing, wholesale distribution, and retail sale of federal contraband [medical cannabis] on an industrial scale would frustrate and conflict with the purpose and intent of the CSA. Accordingly, we conclude that the MCA would be preempted by the CSA and would be, therefore, unconstitutional.”
A pair of voter initiatives are attempting to make their way to Nebraska’s 2022 ballot seeking to legalize the sale, production, and distribution of medical cannabis and protect qualifying patients from legal consequences.
Unfortunately, the new 2022 medical cannabis voter initiative is receiving staunch opposition. The Republican governor of Nebraska, Pete Ricketts, is partnering with a leading cannabis prohibitionist group to create TV ads opposing the initiatives, urging voters not to approve medical marijuana legalization.
Like medical cannabis, recreational marijuana is also illegal in Nebraska. However, simple possession of cannabis in small quantities is decriminalized.
First-time offenders caught possessing less than 1 oz of cannabis will not face prison time or have it marked on their criminal record. The state considers simple possession an infraction.
Second and third-time cannabis possession offenses are misdemeanors punishable by up to 5 and 7 days in prison, respectively. Fines of up to $500 might also be handed out.
On July 1, 2021, Senator Justin Wayne of Omaha introduced Nebraska Legislature Resolution 2 (LR2CA), a constitutional amendment that would place recreational cannabis legalization for adults aged 21+ on the 2022 ballot. The amendment bill is currently in the committee stage.
Can you purchase delta-10 THC, THC-O, or HHC in Nebraska?
Yes, you can buy delta-10, THC-O, and HHC products in Nebraska. All three are not listed as controlled substances under the state’s Uniform Controlled Substances Act, meaning their use, possession, sale, distribution, purchase, and production are legal under state law with no risk of penalty or prosecution.
Is CBD legal in Nebraska?
Yes, CBD is legal in Nebraska under state and federal law, provided it’s sourced from federally compliant hemp plants carrying no more than 0.3% THC. The legal status of hemp-derived CBD means the use, possession, sale, distribution, purchase, production, and manufacture of hemp CBD products are permitted within the state without fear of penalty or prosecution.
Nebraska legalized the production, cultivation, handling, and transport of hemp and hemp products on May 30, 2019, following the Nebraska Hemp Farming Act (Legal Bill 657), signed into law by Governor Pete Ricketts. The state later implemented the Nebraska Hemp Plan, assigning complete control of hemp production and cultivation to the Nebraska Department of Agriculture (NDA) in 2020.
This law defines hemp as a variety of Cannabis sativa, including the viable seeds of such plant and all derivatives, extracts, cannabinoids, isomers, acids, salts, and salts of isomers, whether growing or not, carrying no more than 0.3% THC (by dry weight).
Previously, Nebraska heavily regulated CBD. The state only allowed the University of Nebraska and Nebraska Medicine access to CBD for research and to create a small pilot program after Legislature Bill 390 in 2014.
This bill gave Nebraska medical patients with intractable epilepsy an opportunity to obtain low-THC CBD products in the form of Epidiolex — the first-ever FDA-approved cannabis medication.
CBD derived from marijuana is illegal in Nebraska. The state considers all marijuana compounds as Schedule I controlled substances under its Controlled Substances Act.
There is currently no upcoming legislation that will change the legality of delta-8 THC in Nebraska. However, since the Nebraska State Attorney General is currently reviewing delta-8’s legality in the state, we expect the introduction of new delta-8 bills in 2022.
Despite Nebraska’s poor history with cannabis, hemp-derived delta-8 is still legal, with no sign of law enforcement making arrests for the use, possession, sale, or production of delta-8 products. Right now, this is great news if you’re a keen delta-8 user. You can enjoy delta-8 products freely without fear of prosecution.
However, be under no illusion. State officials are not cannabis-friendly, and they certainly aren’t fond of intoxicating substances. We expect delta-8 to come under some scrutiny once the state’s attorney general finishes reviewing the legality of delta-8.